Wikiversity

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Wikiversity
Wikiversity logo.
Detail of the Wikiversity multilingual portal main page.
Screenshot of wikiversity.org home page
Web address www.wikiversity.org
Slogan "set learning free"
Commercial? No
Type of site Educational, self study
Registration Optional
Available in Multilingual
Owner Wikimedia Foundation
Created by Wikimedia community
Launched August 15, 2006
Alexa rank positive decrease 30,803 (April 2014)[1]

Wikiversity is a Wikimedia Foundation project[2][3] that supports learning communities, their learning materials, and resulting activities. It differs from more structured projects such as Wikipedia in that it instead offers a series of tutorials, or courses, for the fostering of learning, rather than formal content.

History

Wikiversity's beta phase officially began on August 15, 2006, with the English language Wikiversity.

The idea of Wikiversity began with the initial development of the Wikiversity community within the Wikibooks project, however when it was nominated for deletion from Wikibooks, soon there was a proposal to make Wikiversity an independent Wikimedia project,[4] with the fundamental goal to broaden the scope of activities within the Wikimedia community to include additional types of learning resources in addition to textbooks.

Two proposals were made. The first project proposal was not approved (2005) and the second, modified proposal, was approved (2006).[5]

The launch of Wikiversity was announced at Wikimania 2006 as:

.... the idea here is to also host learning communities, so people who are actually trying to learn, actually have a place to come and interact and help each other figure out how to learn things. We're also going to be hosting and fostering research into how these kinds of things can be used more effectively.[6]

— Wikimania, 2006

Project details

Wikiversity is a center for the creation of and use of free learning materials, and the provision of . Wikiversity is one of many wikis used in educational contexts,[7] as well as many initiatives that are creating free and open educational resources.

The primary priorities and goals for Wikiversity are to:

  • Create and host a range of free-content, multilingual learning materials/resources, for all age groups in all languages.
  • Host scholarly/learning projects and communities that support these materials.[8]

The Wikiversity e-Learning model places emphasis on "learning groups" and "learning by doing". Wikiversity's motto and slogan is "set learning free",[9][10] indicating that groups/communities of Wikiversity participants will engage in learning projects. Learning is facilitated through collaboration on projects that are detailed, outlined, summarized or results reported by editing Wikiversity pages. Wikiversity learning projects include collections of wiki webpages concerned with the exploration of a particular topic.[11] Wikiversity participants are encouraged to express their learning goals, and the Wikiversity community collaborates to develop learning activities and projects to accommodate those goals. The Wikiversity e-Learning activities give learners the opportunity to build knowledge. Students have to be language aware in order to be able to correct their classmates. By doing this, students develop their reflection skills. Secondly, they enable students to be autonomous deciding what to write or edit, also when and how to do it. Students are able to free resort to any mean of support. At the same time, it fosters the Cognitive development engaging students to collaborate between them. However, as the project is still in its early stages,[12][13] its learning model is still in development.

Learning resources are developed by an individual or groups, either on their own initiative, or as part of a learning project.[14] Wikiversity resources include teaching aids, lesson plans, curricula, links to off-site resources, course notes, example and problem sets, computer simulations, reading lists, and other as devised by participants – but do not include final polished textbooks. Texts useful to others are hosted at Wikibooks for update and maintenance.[15] Learning groups with interests in each subject area create a web of resources that form the basis of discussions and activities at Wikiversity. Learning resources can be used by educators outside of Wikiversity for their own purposes, under the terms of the GFDL and a Creative Commons license (like Wikipedia).

Languages

There are currently fifteen language Wikiversities – Arabic, Czech, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Slovene, Spanish, and Swedish; Wikiversity projects in other languages are being developed at the "beta" multilingual hub.

For newly established specific language Wikiversities to move out of the initial exploratory "beta" phase, the new Wikiversity community must establish policies governing research activities. Wikiversity may act as a repository of research carried out by the Wikimedia Research Network, or others who are involved in wiki-based, or other research. Wikiversity hosts original research in addition to secondary research, unless a specific language group decides upon no research. It is expected that researchers will respect and update guidelines for appropriate research through a community consensus process.[16][17] Currently the English Wikiversity hosts more than 376 research pages.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Wikiversity.org Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  2. ^ Jimbo Wales (2006). "Welcome speech". Wikimania. 
  3. ^ Jimbo Wales (2006-08-04). "Wikimedia Opening Plenary". Supload.com. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  4. ^ Reswik (2006-08-22). "Wikiversity:History of Wikiversity". Wikiversity. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  5. ^ Wikimedia Foundation contributors (2013-03-25). "Resolution Wikiversity". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  6. ^ Wikimania contributors (2007-02-17). "Opening Plenary (transcript)". Wikimania. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  7. ^ Perrin, Donald; Downes, Stephen; Muirhead, Brent; Perrin, Elizabeth; Betz, Muhammad (January 2007). "Wikis and Wikipedia as a Teaching Tool". In Konieczny, Piotr. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning 4 (1). p. 19. ISSN 1550-6908.  by Piotr Konieczny; International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning;January 2007, Vol. 4, No. 1.
  8. ^ Wikiversity contributors. "Approved Wikiversity project proposal". Wikiversity. 
  9. ^ "Wikiversity:Learning". Wikiversity. 
  10. ^ . Wikiversity. 
  11. ^ , Wikiversity
  12. ^ Foster, Andrea (2005-12-16). "Wikipedia, the Free Online Encyclopedia, Ponders a New Entity: Wikiversity". The Chronicle of Higher Education. 
  13. ^ Nystedt, Dan (2007-08-04). "Wikiversity Gains Momentum". PC World. 
  14. ^ Kennedy, Ian; Pass, Delia; Cadir, Roxan. "One Laptop Per Teacher: Content and Curriculum for (in-service) Teacher Training". Ed/ITLib Digital Library. pp. 2564–2569. 
  15. ^ "Wikiversity:What Wikiversity is not". Wikiversity. 
  16. ^ "Scope of research on Wikiversity (in development)". Multingual Wikiversity hub. 
  17. ^ "Wikiversity research guidelines (in development)". Multilingual Wikiversity hub. 
  18. ^ "Category:Research". Wikiversity. 

External links