Wikiversity

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Wikiversity
Screenshot of wikiversity.org home page
Type of site
Educational, self study
Available inMultilingual
HeadquartersMiami, Florida
OwnerWikimedia Foundation
Created byWikimedia community
Websitewww.wikiversity.org
Alexa rankNegative increase 12,816 (October 2018)[1]
CommercialNo
RegistrationOptional
LaunchedAugust 15, 2006 (2006-08-15)

Wikiversity is a Wikimedia Foundation project[2][3] that supports learning communities, their learning materials, and resulting activities. It differs from more structured projects such as Wikipedia in that it instead offers a series of tutorials, or courses, for the fostering of learning, rather than formal content.

History

Wikiversity's data phase officially began on August 15, 2006, with the English language Wikiversity.

The idea of Wikiversity began with the initial development of the Wikiversity community within the Wikibooks project, however when it was nominated for deletion from Wikibooks, soon there was a proposal to make Wikiversity an independent Wikimedia project,[4] with the fundamental goal to broaden the scope of activities within the Wikimedia community to include additional types of learning resources in addition to textbooks.

Two proposals were made. The first project proposal was not approved (2005) and the second, modified proposal, was approved (2006).[5]

The launch of Wikiversity was announced at Wikimania 2006 as an idea to:

host learning communities, so people who are actually trying to learn, actually have a place to come and interact and help each other figure out how to learn things. We're also going to be hosting and fostering research into how these kinds of things can be used more effectively.[6]

— Wikimania, 2006

Project details

Wikiversity is a center for the creation of and use of free learning materials, and the provision of .[7][8] Wikiversity is one of many wikis used in educational contexts,[9] as well as many initiatives that are creating free and open educational resources.

The primary priorities and goals for Wikiversity are to:

  • Create and host a range of free-content, multilingual learning materials/resources, for all age groups in all languages.
  • Host scholarly/learning projects and communities that support these materials.[10]

The Wikiversity e-Learning model places emphasis on "learning groups" and "learning by doing". Wikiversity's motto and slogan is "set learning free",[11][12] indicating that groups/communities of Wikiversity participants will engage in learning projects. Learning is facilitated through collaboration on projects that are detailed, outlined, summarized or results reported by editing Wikiversity pages. Wikiversity learning projects include collections of wiki webpages concerned with the exploration of a particular topic.[13] Wikiversity participants are encouraged to express their learning goals, and the Wikiversity community collaborates to develop learning activities and projects to accommodate those goals.[14] The Wikiversity e-Learning activities give learners the opportunity to build knowledge.[15][16] Students have to be language-aware in order to be able to correct their classmates. By doing this, students develop their reflection skills. Secondly, they enable students to be autonomous deciding what to write or edit, also when and how to do it. Students are able to free resort to any mean of support. At the same time, it fosters cognitive development, engaging students to collaborate.[citation needed]

Learning resources are developed by an individual or groups, either on their own initiative, or as part of a learning project.[17] Wikiversity resources include teaching aids, lesson plans, curricula, links to off-site resources, course notes, example and problem sets, computer simulations, reading lists, and other as devised by participants – but do not include final polished textbooks. Texts useful to others are hosted at Wikibooks for update and maintenance.[18] Learning groups with interests in each subject area create a web of resources that form the basis of discussions and activities at Wikiversity. Learning resources can be used by educators outside of Wikiversity for their own purposes, under the terms of the GFDL and a Creative Commons license (like Wikipedia).

Wikiversity also allows original research (in contrast to Wikipedia which does not).[19][20] Such research content may lack any peer review.[19]

WikiJournals

Several WikiJournals operate with an academic journal format on the Wikiversity website (under the WikiJournal User Group). Submitted articles are subjected to peer review by external experts before publication or a indexed, citable, stable version in the journal, and an editable version in Wikipedia.[21] Some articles are written from scratch, and others are adapted from Wikipedia articles.[22] They therefore aim to encourage experts to contribute content creation and improvement (as authors and peer reviewers), and provide an additional quality control mechanism for existing Wikipedia content.[23] This activity started with WikiJournal of Medicine in 2014.[24] The sister journal WikiJournal of Science began publishing in 2018.[22]

Languages

There are currently seventeen different Wikiversities - Arabic, Chinese, Czech, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Slovene, Spanish, and Swedish; Wikiversity projects in other languages are being developed at the "beta" multilingual hub.

For newly established specific language Wikiversities to move out of the initial exploratory "beta" phase, the new Wikiversity community must establish policies governing research activities. Wikiversity may act as a repository of research carried out by the Wikimedia Research Network, or others who are involved in wiki-based, or other research. Wikiversity hosts original research in addition to secondary research, unless a specific language group decides upon no research. It is expected that researchers will respect and update guidelines for appropriate research through a community consensus process.[25][26] Currently the English Wikiversity hosts more than 376 research pages.[27]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Wikiversity.org Traffic, Demographics and Competitors - Alexa". www.alexa.com. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  2. ^ Jimbo Wales (2006). "Welcome speech". Wikimania.
  3. ^ Jimbo Wales (2006-08-04). "Wikimedia Opening Plenary". Supload.com. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
  4. ^ Reswik (2006-08-22). "Wikiversity:History of Wikiversity". Wikiversity. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
  5. ^ Wikimedia Foundation contributors (2013-03-25). "Resolution Wikiversity". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
  6. ^ Wikimania contributors (2007-02-17). "Opening Plenary (transcript)". Wikimania. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
  7. ^ Nystedt, Dan (2007-08-04). "Wikiversity Gains Momentum". PC World.
  8. ^ Foster, Andrea (2005-12-16). "Wikipedia, the Free Online Encyclopedia, Ponders a New Entity: Wikiversity". The Chronicle of Higher Education.
  9. ^ Perrin, Donald; Downes, Stephen; Muirhead, Brent; Perrin, Elizabeth; Betz, Muhammad (January 2007). "Wikis and Wikipedia as a Teaching Tool". In Konieczny, Piotr. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning (PDF). 4. p. 19. ISSN 1550-6908. by Piotr Konieczny; International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning;January 2007, Vol. 4, No. 1.
  10. ^ Wikiversity contributors. "Approved Wikiversity project proposal". Wikiversity.
  11. ^ "Wikiversity:Learning". Wikiversity.
  12. ^ . Wikiversity.
  13. ^ , Wikiversity
  14. ^ Friesen, Norm; Hopkins, Janet (2008-09-27). "Wikiversity; or education meets the free culture movement: An ethnographic investigation". First Monday. 13 (10).
  15. ^ Singh, Satendra (2013). "Use of Wikiversity and role play to increase student engagement during student-led physiology seminars". Advances in Physiology Education. 37 (1): 106–107. doi:10.1152/advan.00096.2012. ISSN 1043-4046.
  16. ^ Hladnik, Miran; Polajnar, Jernej (2016-12-21). "Wikiji v izobraževanju - Po desetih letih izkušenj". Andragoška spoznanja. 22 (4): 73. doi:10.4312/as.22.4.73-83. ISSN 2350-4188.
  17. ^ Kennedy, Ian; Pass, Delia; Cadir, Roxan. One Laptop Per Teacher: Content and Curriculum for (in-service) Teacher Training. Ed/ITLib Digital Library. pp. 2564–2569.
  18. ^ "Wikiversity:What Wikiversity is not". Wikiversity.
  19. ^ a b Page 95 in: Michael Nentwich, René König (2012). Cyberscience 2.0: Research in the Age of Digital Social Networks, Volume 11 of Interaktiva, Schriftenreihe des Zentrums für Medien und Interaktivität, Gießen. Campus Verlag - Interaktiva Series. ISBN 9783593395180.
  20. ^ Singh, S. (2013). "Use of Wikiversity and role play to increase student engagement during student-led physiology seminars". AJP: Advances in Physiology Education. 37 (1): 106–107. doi:10.1152/advan.00096.2012. ISSN 1043-4046.
  21. ^ Shafee, Thomas (2017-11-24). "Wikipedia-integrated publishing: a comparison of successful models". 26 (2). Health Inform. doi:10.13140/rg.2.2.27470.77129.
  22. ^ a b Editorial Board (2018-06-01). "The aims and scope of WikiJournal of Science". WikiJournal of Science. 1 (1): 1. doi:10.15347/wjs/2018.001. ISSN 2470-6345.
  23. ^ Shafee, Thomas; Das, Diptanshu; Masukume, Gwinyai; Häggström, Mikael (2017-01-15). "WikiJournal of Medicine, the first Wikipedia-integrated academic journal". WikiJournal of Medicine. 4 (1). doi:10.15347/wjm/2017.001. ISSN 2002-4436.
  24. ^ Masukume, Gwinyai; Heilman, James; Häggström, Mikael (24 May 2016). "Why getting medical information from Wikipedia isn't always a bad idea". The Conversation. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  25. ^ "Scope of research on Wikiversity (in development)". Multingual Wikiversity hub.
  26. ^ "Wikiversity research guidelines (in development)". Multilingual Wikiversity hub.
  27. ^ "Category:Research". Wikiversity.

External links