Telecommunications in Paraguay are meager. Paraguay has the lowest fixed-line telephone density in South America, with 5.6 lines per 100 residents, compared with 8.7 per 100 in Bolivia, 21.9 in Brazil, and 24.9 in Argentina.
The state-owned Corporación Paraguaya de Comunicaciones (Copaco) is known for inefficiency and overstaffing. Privatization was attempted in 2002, but failed in the midst of the banking scandal.
With only 5.6 percent of the population having access to a land-line connection, the meager telephone network has resulted in rapid growth in mobile phone use.
- An extremely deprived and meager telephone service;
- Principal switching center is Asunción
- Domestic: microwave radio relay network
- International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) in 2009
- International country code: 595
- Fixed telephone subscriptions: 364,557; 6.1% of the population in 2011
- Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions: 6,529,053; 99.4% of the population in 2011
Radio and television
As in many South American countries, radio is an important disseminator of information in Paraguay.
- Radio stations: roughly 75 commercial and community stations; one state-owned radio network in 2010
- Radios: 4.475,000 in 1997
- Television broadcast stations: 6 privately owned and one state-owned in 2010
- Televisions: 4.429,000 in 1997; 750,000 households in 2004
- Country code (top level domain): .py
- Households with a computer: 22.7% in 2011
- Internet users: 1,543,715; 24% of the population in 2011 (95th in the world)
- Households with Internet access at home: 19.3% in 2011
- Internet hosts: 278,473; 64th in the world in 2010
- Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions: 28,147; 0.44% of the population in 2010
- IPv4 addresses allocated: 365,312; 5.6 per 100 inhabitants
The law provides for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights in practice. Individuals criticize the government publicly and privately, generally without reprisal or impediment. There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet or credible reports that the government monitored e-mail or Internet chat rooms. Individuals and groups could engage in the expression of views via the Internet, including by e-mail.
Because of their reporting, journalists are on occasion subjected to harassment, intimidation, and violence—primarily from drug trafficking gangs and criminal syndicates based in departments bordering Brazil but also from politicians. In May 2011 Fermin Jara, a writer with the daily newspaper ABC Color, along with Carlos Bottino and Samir Sanchez, journalists with Radio Parque in Ciudad del Este, alleged that the governor of Alto Parana, Nelson Aguinagalde, sought to intimidate them. The journalists claimed that Aguinagalde threatened to “kill them with a machine gun” if they continued to criticize his administration. They also claimed that, at the request of Governor Aguinagalde, the radio programs hosted by Bottino and Sanchez were censored and later cancelled because of their refusal to stop their criticism of the governor.
Political officials often retaliate against media criticism by invoking criminal libel laws and suing the media to intimidate journalists and suppress further investigations. For example, in 2010 ABC Color managing director Aldo Zuccolillo faced criminal charges relating to defamation suits brought against him by former government officials. On April 7, authorities ordered him to pay 236 million guaranies ($59,000) plus interest for questioning the judicial decision that freed former president Luis Angel Gonzalez Macchi from prosecution. An appeal was pending at year’s end.
Media crackdown following June 2012 parliamentary coup
Following the 22 June 2012 parliamentary coup that ousted President Fernando Lugo and made then Vice President, Federico Franco, the new President, the new government appears to be in the process of assuming complete control of the state-owned media and its hostility is affecting journalists with the privately owned media as well.
In what is seem as an attempt by the government to further control the media, the leader of the Paraguay Broadcasters Union (URP) has called for action against “more than 1,200 pirate radios operating in the country” which he accused of “inciting crime” on many occasions. He also asked the telecoms watchdog CONATEL to withdraw the licences of all stations implicated in what he termed illegal acts, without specifying what they were. There is tension between community radio stations, many of which were staunch opponents of the 22 June coup, and the new government due to changes in the recently amended Telecommunications law that could adversely affect the future of community radio stations, many of which are poorly funded and not yet in possession of broadcasting licences. New clauses in the law place a ban on advertising on such stations, restrict their transmission range, and open the possibility of legal action against their representatives if they broadcast without a licence.
- ^ a b c "Fixed-telephone subscriptions 2000-2011", International Telecommunications Union (ITU), accessed 24 September 2012
- ^ a b c d e f Paraguay country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (October 2005). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- ^ a b c d e f g h "Paraguay", The World Factbook, US Central Intelligence Agency, 11 September 2012. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- ^ "Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions", International Telecommunications Union (ITU), accessed 24 September 2012
- ^ a b "Core indicators on access to, and use of, ICT by households and individuals, latest available data", International Telecommunications Union (ITU), accessed 24 September 2012
- ^ Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2011, International Telecommunication Union, accessed on 19 August 2012.
- ^ "Internet hosts", CIA World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, accessed 2 April 2012
- ^ Fixed broadband subscriptions, International Telecommunication Union. Accessed on 8 April 2012.
- ^ Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
- ^ a b c "Paraguay", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State, 25 May 2012. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- ^ "Censorship at Radio Nacional, threats and violence from president’s inner circle", Reporters Without Borders, 19 September 2011
- ^ "In continuing purge, 27 employees fired from state TV", Reporters Without Borders, 5 September 2012
- ^ "Purges in state media, community radios on alert", Reporters Without Borders, 13 July 2012
- ^ "Community radio stations face crackdown for 'inciting crime'", Reporters Without Borders, 14 August 2012
- ^ "Purges in state media, community radios on alert", Reporters Without Borders, 12 July 2012