Simon of Cascia
|Simon of Cascia|
Simon of Cascia and Rita of Cascia with Mary and the Child Jesus, by Pier Paolo Agabiti
|Died||2 February 1348
|Honored in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||1833 by Pope Gregory XVI|
Blessed Simon of Cascia (or Simeone Fidati) (c. 1295–1348) was an ascetic and preacher from Cascia, Italy. In his early days, he was influenced by the Spiritual Franciscan Angelo Clareno da Cingoli. He entered the Order of Augustinian Hermits at a young age, where he was known as a model of monastic virtue and for his learning. His initial studies were in the natural sciences, which he later gave up for theology and scripture.
He began his preaching ministry in 1318, and was renowned as a brilliant preacher in places such as Perugia, Bologna, Siena, and Florence. His model of austerity and strict penances brought him more followers. He was sought after as a confessor and spiritual advisor, and he spent many sleepless nights writing letters to those seeking his guidance.
His desire for a spiritual life of study, prayer and solitude caused him to reject all episcopal appointments. He often sought council from the Benedictine Camaldolese monk, Bl Silvester of Valdiseve.
The origin and influence of his writings have sparked some debate among scholars, both literary and theological. His most significant writing, The Works of Our Savior (De Gestis Domini Salvatoris), is believed to have influenced the 16th century reformer Martin Luther.
He also worked to reform those involved in prostitution, converting many and founding a "house of penance" for them. In Florence, he founded a woman's convent, and a refuge for unmarried mothers.
Simon was beatified by Pope Gregory XVI in 1833.
- De gestis Christis
- Expositio super evangelia
- De beata Virgine
- De cognitione peccati
- Expositio symboli
- De speculo crucis
- De conflictu christiano
- De vita christiana
- De doctrina christiana