Roush Fenway Racing

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Roush Fenway Racing
Owner(s) Jack Roush
John W. Henry
Fenway Sports Group
Base Concord, North Carolina
Series Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series
Xfinity Series
Pirelli World Challenge
Car numbers 1, 6, 9, 06, 09, 16, 17, 26, 33, 49, 50, 60, 61, 80, 97, 98, 99
Race drivers

Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series:
6. Trevor Bayne
17. Ricky Stenhouse Jr.
Xfinity Series:
16. Ryan Reed
60. Ty Majeski, Chase Briscoe, Austin Cindric

60. Jack Roush Jr.
Sponsors Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series:
6. AdvoCare, Performance Plus Motor Oil
17. Fastenal, SunnyD, Fifth Third Bank,, Little Hug
Xfinity Series:
16. Lilly Diabetes/American Diabetes Association
60. Pirtek
Manufacturer Ford
Opened 1988
Debut Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series:
1988 Daytona 500 (Daytona)
Xfinity Series:
1992 Goody's 300 (Daytona)
Camping World Truck Series:
1995 Heartland Tailgate 175 (Topeka)
Latest race

Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series:
2018 TicketGuardian 500 (Phoenix)
Xfinity Series:
2018 DC Solar 200 (Phoenix)

Camping World Truck Series:
2009 Ford 200 (Homestead)
Races competed Total: 5,758
Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series: 3,449
Xfinity Series: 1,597
Camping World Truck Series: 712
Drivers' Championships Total: 8
Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series: 2
2003, 2004
Xfinity Series: 5
2002, 2007, 2011, 2012, 2015
Camping World Truck Series: 1
Race victories Total: 325
Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series: 137
Xfinity Series: 138
Camping World Truck Series: 50
Pole positions Total: 232
Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series: 89
Xfinity Series: 98
Camping World Truck Series: 45

Roush Fenway Racing, originally Roush Racing, is an American professional stock car racing team that currently competes in the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, and the Xfinity Series. Once one of NASCAR's largest premier racing teams, Roush runs teams in the Monster Energy Cup Series, Xfinity Series, and formerly in the Camping World Truck Series and ARCA Racing Series. In the NASCAR Cup Series, the team fields the No. 6 Ford Fusion full-time for Trevor Bayne, and the No. 17 Fusion full-time for Ricky Stenhouse Jr.[1] In the Xfinity Series, the team currently fields the No. 16 Ford Mustang full-time for Ryan Reed, and the No. 60 Mustang part-time for Ty Majeski[1][2]

Since its inception, Roush has competed exclusively in Ford brand automobiles. Currently, the Ford Fusion competes in the NASCAR Cup, the Ford Mustang template is used in the Xfinity Series, and the Ford F-150 (later branded as the F-Series) was used for the Camping World Truck Series. The team also operates Roush-Yates Engines, which provides engines for most Ford teams in NASCAR and ARCA competition.[3][4]


Roush Racing was founded by Jack Roush, former employee of the Ford Motor Company and founder of Roush Performance Engineering. Prior to entering NASCAR competition, Roush had competed and won championships in various drag racing and sports car racing series since the mid-1960s, including the NHRA, SCCA Trans-Am Series, IMSA GT Championship, and the 24 Hours of Daytona. The racing business was originally a small branch of co-owner Jack Roush's successful automotive engineering and road-racing equipment business based in Livonia, Michigan. Early Roush drivers included Tommy Kendall, Scott Pruett, and Willy T. Ribbs.[3][5]

The NASCAR operation, founded in 1988 and based in Concord, North Carolina, has since become the cornerstone and centerpiece of the company.[3] The team won back to back Championships in what is now the Monster Energy Cup Series in 2003 and 2004; the final Winston Cup championship with driver Matt Kenseth, and the first Nextel Cup championship with driver Kurt Busch. The team also has amassed many wins and championships in Xfinity Series and Camping World Truck Series competition.[1][6]

In 2007, sports investor John W. Henry, owner of the Fenway Sports Group which operates the Boston Red Sox, Liverpool F.C., and the New England Sports Network bought a 50% stake in the team, renamed Roush Fenway Racing. Jack Roush continues to head day-to-day operations of the team.[7]

Roush restarted its road racing program in 2006, called Roush Road Racing (previously Roush Performance Racing or Roush Performance). The team fielded the No. 61 Ford Mustang in the IMSA Continental Tire Sports Car Challenge and Rolex Sports Car Series for Billy Johnson and Jack Roush's son, Jack Roush, Jr., and since 2014 fields the No. 60 Mustang in the Pirelli World Challenge sponsored by Roush Performance and driven by Roush, Jr. Since 2015, the team has been fielded in a partnership with Capaldi Racing, moving from the Roush Fenway shops in North Carolina to Michigan near Roush Performance headquarters.[8][9][10][11]

Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series


Logo of Roush Racing used from 1999 until 2006.

Founded in 1988, the NASCAR program is built around having multiple cars and providing engine, engineering and race car build services to other NASCAR teams fielding Ford branded vehicles. The multi-team aspect of the company allows for information and resources to be shared across the enterprise, improving the performance of all of the teams. Since the 2004 season, engines for the cars have been provided by Roush-Yates Engines, a partnership between Roush Fenway Racing and now-closed rival Yates Racing, with Doug Yates as head engine builder. Roush-Yates also provides engines, cars, and parts to other Cup teams, including Wood Brothers Racing, Team Penske, Richard Petty Motorsports, and Front Row Motorsports.[4][12]

Between 1998 and 2000[13][14] and 2003–2009,[15] Roush Racing operated five full-time Cup teams (6, 16, 17, 26/97, 99), more than any other organization including Hendrick Motorsports and Richard Childress Racing, which have both operated as many as four full-time teams. Beginning in 2001, after years of operating in separate facilities, the teams were moved into a single shop in Concord, North Carolina to improve performance and communication.[14] Roush Racing set a NASCAR record by putting all five of its race teams in the Chase for the Nextel Cup in 2005.[16] Following the 2009 season, Roush Fenway was ordered by NASCAR to shrink its operation to four Sprint Cup Series teams, ceding the No. 26 team.[16] The team would later shrink to three teams after the 2011 season,[17] and would shrink again to two teams after the 2016 season.

Car No. 06 history

The 06 attempted ten races led by crew chief Frank Stoddard during the 2006 season to prepare Roush Racing's development drivers for future Cup careers, and eventually replace Mark Martin in the No. 6 car.[18][19] Todd Kluever originally served as the sole driver, but was replaced with David Ragan at the end of the season.[18] The team debuted with Kluever behind the wheel at Chicagoland Speedway on July 9 with a sponsorship from 3M.[20] Kluever also drove the car at Michigan International Speedway, Kansas Speedway, Lowe's Motor Speedway, and attempted to start races at California Speedway, Phoenix International Raceway, and Homestead-Miami Speedway.[21] David Ragan, with a sponsorship from Sharp Aquos, ran the No. 06 at Dover International Speedway and Martinsville Speedway in the fall, and missed the second 2006 race at Texas Motor Speedway.[18][22][23]

Car No. 6 history

Mark Martin in 1989.
The No. 6 paint scheme from 1996–1997.
2005 No. 6 Viagra Ford Taurus
Martin in his final season for Roush in 2006.

The 6 car began as Roush Racing's original foray into NASCAR, debuting in the 1988 Daytona 500 as the No. 6 Stroh's Light-sponsored Ford. With then-short-track-driver Mark Martin at the wheel and future NASCAR vice president Robin Pemberton as crew chief,[17] the team finished 41st after experiencing an engine failure after 19 laps. However, performance quickly improved, with Martin winning a pole position later in the season and achieving ten top ten finishes. With a year of experience under their belt, Roush and Martin went on a tear in 1989, winning six poles, earning eighteen top ten finishes and winning for the first time at North Carolina Speedway. The team finished third place in championship points.

Garnering new sponsorship from Folgers in 1990, Martin won three each of races and pole positions, as well as finishing in the top tens in all but six races. Martin held the points lead for a majority of the season, but lost momentum in the final races. In the end, the team lost the championship to Dale Earnhardt by 26 points. Interestingly, Martin would have won the championship had he not been docked 46 points in the second race of the season following a rules violation. Regardless, the team hoped to carry the momentum into 1991. Disappointingly, Martin finished sixth in points, and didn't win until the season finale at Atlanta Motor Speedway.

In 1992, Valvoline joined to sponsor the car, but the team's position in points still did not improve. Finally, they recaptured the magic of before in 1993, as Martin notched five victories and finished third in points. 1994 found Martin and the No. 6 team finishing runner-up to Earnhardt in points once again . In 1995, Martin defeated former teammate Wally Dallenbach, Jr. to win at Watkins Glen and won the most money of his career at that time, $1,893,519. However, the team's performance slumped sharply in 1996, as Martin did not visit victory lane. He would win again 1997, with an additional four victories and finishing third in championship points. In 1998, Martin and the No. 6 team had their most dominant season yet, winning seven times, but finished second in points yet again, this time to Jeff Gordon. The 1998 season was marked with a black spot when Martin's father Julian died in an aviation accident. Although 1999 saw Martin winning only twice, he finished in the top ten in 26 out of 34 races.

After winning only one race in 2000, primary sponsor Valvoline left for MB2 Motorsports, and Pfizer and Viagra became the team's new financial backers. In addition, throughout the season Martin served as co-owner/mentor of rookie driver Matt Kenseth. However, Martin failed to win again, and ended up 12th in points; this was his lowest finish since 1988. The team won only one race in 2002 but was narrowly defeated by Tony Stewart for the championship. 2003 was another season of lackluster performance for the team, as they still didn't visit victory lane, and finished 17th in the final standings. 2004 brought improved performance, with a victory at Dover and a fourth-place finish in points. Prior to beginning the 2005 season, Martin stated that 2005 would be his last year in full-time Cup competition. The team conducted a Salute to You farewell tour to his fans highlighting many of Martin's career accomplishments. Martin finished fourth in points and went to victory lane once, along with achieving 19 top ten finishes. Due to contract issues, Roush was left without a driver for car No. 6 in 2006. After learning of the situation, Martin announced his return to car No. 6 for one more year. The team extended the Salute to You tour after modifying its paint schemes to reflect the team's new sponsor, Automobile Association of America. Martin went winless, but had seven top fives and 15 top tens en route to a ninth-place points finish in his final year for Roush.[24] He would on to Ginn Racing and Dale Earnhardt, Inc. part-time for 2007 and 2008, then did run several more full seasons for Hendrick Motorsports and two partial seasons with MWR, Gibbs, and Stewart Haas, retiring for good after 2013. Martin earned 35 of his 40 career wins in Roush's number 6.[17]

David Ragan drove the No. 6 from 2007–2011, scoring a single victory.

Todd Kluever was originally scheduled to drive the 6 car in 2007, running several races in the 06 Cup car in anticipation, but due to lackluster performance in the Busch Series, Roush Racing decided to put Truck Series driver David Ragan in the car full-time.[18][25] In his rookie season, Ragan had three top-tens and finished 23rd in points, but with numerous crashes.[25] The following season, Ragan's performance dramatically improved. He had fourteen top-ten finishes and competed for a spot in the Chase for the Cup, before finishing 13th in the points standings.[17][25]

AAA left the No. 6 team after the 2008 season for Penske Racing, with the United Parcel Service becoming the sponsor for Ragan's car for 2009. Ragan only had two top-ten finishes and finished 27th. The next year, the team started off on a mixed note by nearly winning the 2011 Daytona 500, only to be penalized for an early lane change. The team then won at Daytona in July, their first since 2005.[17] Despite the victory, UPS left the 6 team and moved to an associate sponsor for the No. 99 team. Jack Roush announced that RFR would not field the 6 team in 2012, forcing the team to reassign or lay off nearly 100 employees. David Ragan moved to Front Row Motorsports' 34 car, and crew chief Drew Blickensderfer moved to Richard Childress Racing.[17][26]

After being Roush Fenway's flagship since 1988, the team became a part-time R&D team in 2012. Ricky Stenhouse, Jr. drove at the Daytona 500 with crew chief Chad Norris, qualifying 8th in time trials.[17] He started 20th in the race and finished 21st. Without sponsorship, the team planned to close down after the Daytona 500,[17] with Jack Roush selling the team's top-35 owner points to former RFR crew chief Frank Stoddard and his FAS Lane Racing team. However, Stenhouse did race in the No. 6 car in three more races at Dover, Charlotte and Homestead in the fall.

Trevor Bayne piloted the 6 car in 2015.

The No. 6 car did not run in 2013. In the fall of 2014, it was announced that 2011 Daytona 500 winner Trevor Bayne would drive the car full-time in 2015, with Xfinity Series sponsor AdvoCare covering the full season.[27][28] In preparation, Bayne attempted the Bank of America 500 at Charlotte in the 6 car (in addition to his part-time ride with Wood Brothers Racing), but posted the 38th fastest time and failed to qualify, Roush Fenway's first DNQ since 2006.[29][30]

After a very weak start for Roush's standards, Bayne recorded his first Top 10 of the year in June at the rain shortened race at Michigan International Speedway. He recorded another top ten at Daytona in July after being in contention for the win at the end of the race. The No. 6 would struggle for most of the season, ending 29th in owner points. In 2016, Bayne garnered five top tens and two top fives en route to a 22nd place points finish.

2017 was mostly the same for Bayne, as he again finished 22nd in points. The team tried to pick up a tire strategy win at Indianapolis but a caution came out erasing Bayne’s lead and Bayne ended up being part of one of the many crashes that took place in the final laps.

Car No. 16 history

1997 Family Channel-sponsored Ford Thunderbird

Originally the first car to make Roush Racing a multi-car stable, the 16 team debuted at the 1992 Daytona 500 with Keystone Beer as the sponsor. Wally Dallenbach Jr. drove the car to a 15th-place finish. Dallenbach, however, earned only one top ten finish that year and finished 24th in points. 1993 proved to be a little better with Dallenbach posting four top tens. However, for 1994, the team underwent major changes. Driving duties were given to Ted Musgrave, with The Family Channel becoming the new sponsor. The car's performance improved drastically, with Musgrave notching three poles and finishing 13th in points. The 1995 season saw Musgrave improving six spots in points to seventh.[31] Despite this success, Musgrave never visited victory lane in his tenure behind the wheel of the 16, finishing 16th in points in 1996 and 12th in 1997.[31] Midway through 1998, Musgrave was released while sitting 17th in the points standings. For the final 13 races of the season, he was replaced by rookie Kevin Lepage, who left his ride with LJ Racing.[31][32][33] In the Pepsi 400 in October, Lepage fractured his leg in a crash. Then-Roush development driver Matt Kenseth practiced the car for Lepage the next race at Phoenix.[34] Lepage earned eight top 20 finishes including a sixth at Charlotte, finishing runner-up to Kenny Irwin, Jr for Rookie of the Year honors.[35]

Teamed with sponsor PrimeStar, later replaced by TV Guide,[36] Lepage and the No. 16 team began 1999 with a fifth-place finish at Darlington Raceway, later having a chance to win the Winston Million/No Bull 5 bonus, and earning a pole at the season ending race at Atlanta. Despite the bright spots, Lepage finished 25th in points with two top ten finishes.[36][37] TV Guide did not renew their contract for the 2000 season.[37] The No. 16 ran the beginning of the season unsponsored, before ultimately signing a multi-year contract with FamilyClick. Over the course of the year, Lepage missed two races and dropped to 28th in the standings.[35] Dissastisfied with the team's performance, FamilyClick did not return as a sponsor and the team was disbanded, with Roush contracting to four full-time teams.[14][35]

Greg Biffle's 2005 No. 16 National Guard Ford Taurus.

During the 2002 season, the No. 16 was used to prepare 2000 NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series champion and eventual Busch Series champion Greg Biffle for his Rookie of the Year campaign the following year. Biffle failed to qualify in three of his four attempts in the car;[38] he made a total seven starts as a substitute for Andy Petree Racing, and later Petty Enterprises. Biffle ran full-time as a rookie in 2003, with W. W. Grainger sponsoring the car.[39] Biffle started 35 out of 36 races, won the Pepsi 400 at Daytona,[38] and finished runner-up to Jamie McMurray for Rookie of the Year. The next year, the car had a new primary sponsorship from the U.S. National Guard, with major associate ones from Subway, Jackson Hewitt, and Travelodge.[40] Biffle opened the year with a pole in the Daytona 500. Over the 2004 season, Biffle scored wins at Michigan and Homestead, and finished 17th in points. In 2005, 3M's Post-it Brand and Charter Communications joined as part-time sponsors. 2005 was to be the most successful year for car No. 16 to date, as the National Guard-sponsored Ford won a season high six races and finished runner-up in the Chase for the Nextel Cup. Biffle would sign an extension to drive the No. 16 until at least 2008. He scored one win in 2007 at Kansas and finished 14th in points.

After 2007, National Guard did not renew its contract, moving to Hendrick Motorsports and the No. 25. Ameriquest Mortgage-sponsored car, which had sponsored the majority of the 2006 Busch Series season for Roush,[41] had signed a three-year contract to move up to Biffle's No. 16 Cup ride, with 3M sponsoring six races. By March, however, the company had asked to be released from the final two years of its contract, along with relinquishing naming rights to Rangers Ballpark in Arlington. Ameriquest was one of the biggest subprime loan providers, and the sponsorship pullout likely coincided with the Housing Bubble of 2007.[42] Several companies including Aflac, Nintendo, Dish Network, and Jackson Hewitt sponsored the remainder of the season instead.[43]

Biffle with longtime sponsor 3M in 2013

It was announced on June 27, 2008, that Biffle signed a contract extension to remain at Roush-Fenway through 2011 with 3M as his major sponsor. That season, he finished third in points and won two races, but didn't return to victory lane in 2009. In 2010, 3M returned as the primary sponsor with Red Cross as the secondary. Biffle and the No. 16 team got off to a good start finishing third in the Daytona and stayed in the top 12 in points all year. Biffle also won two races that year the Sunoco Red Cross Pennsylvania 500 at Pocono as well as the Price Chopper 400 at Kansas leading to a sixth-place finish in the standings. Biffle struggled for most of the next year, failing to return to victory lane and finishing 16th in points. In 2012, he started the season with three straight third-place finishes and a win early at Texas put him in the points lead, but he eventually gave it up to teammate Matt Kenseth.[citation needed]

In 2013, Roush Fenway began to struggle. However, Biffle did get the 1000th win for manufacturer Ford at Michigan in June and made the Chase. In 2014, the team continued to struggle for speed, going winless and finishing 14th in points. In August 2014 it was announced that longtime sponsor 3M would leave the team for Hendrick Motorsports, and that Scotts-Miracle Gro's Ortho brand would take over the primary sponsorship. Scotts, which had previously been a sponsor of Carl Edwards at Roush, made its debut at Bristol in August 2014.[44] For the 2015 season, the No. 16 would struggle for most of the season, slipping to 20th in points, the best out of all Roush teams for the year, followed by a 23rd-place finish in 2016. After the 2016 season ended, RFR and Biffle parted ways;[45] the car's charter, along with Roush driver Chris Buescher, were eventually leased to JTG Daugherty Racing.[46]This team did not run in 2017.

Car No. 17 history

2004 No. 17 DeWalt Tools Ford Taurus

The No. 17 car entered NASCAR's premier series at a part-time level in 1999. Matt Kenseth was the driver, DeWalt Tools was the sponsor, and Robbie Reiser served as crew chief. This was the same combination as was run on Reiser's own Busch Grand National team. Premiering at the summer Michigan race in 1999, Kenseth finished 14th. A fourth-place finish one month later at Dover proved Kenseth was ready for Cup.

In 2000, Kenseth and the No. 17 started every race, won the Coca-Cola 600, and defeated favorite Dale Earnhardt, Jr. for Rookie of the Year honors. The 2001 season saw Kenseth finish 13th in points, winless and with only nine top ten finishes. However, the team saw marked improvement the next year, as Kenseth won five races in 2002, ultimately reaching an eighth-place finish in points.

While winning only once in 2003, at Las Vegas Motor Speedway, Kenseth performed remarkably consistent[47] to win the final Winston Cup Championship by 90 points, earning Jack Roush his first Cup championship. Some say that Kenseth winning the championship with only a single win and leading the points standings for 33 consecutive weeks is the reason NASCAR switched to the new Chase for the Cup points format.[48]

Kenseth's 2006 USG Sheetrock car, taken in New York City for the awards banquet.
Kenseth's DeWalt Ford in 2007.

The team continued to perform in 2004, winning two races, making the Chase for the Nextel Cup, and finishing eighth in points. In 2005, Kenseth finished seventh in points after experiencing a disappointing beginning to the season. However, the second half of the year brought a resurgence of success for the car, as a win at Bristol Motor Speedway helped the team make its second consecutive Chase for the Nextel Cup. In 2006, Kenseth won four races, and finished second to Jimmie Johnson in the championship standings. Kenseth won the first two races of the 2009 season winning Jack Roush his first Daytona 500. Due to the slumping economy, however, Kenseth's longtime sponsor DeWalt informed Roush Fenway Racing on July 23, 2009 that they would no longer be sponsoring the No. 17 team for the 2010 season. Crown Royal announced they would move to the No. 17 in 2010 for 35 races as Valvoline sponsored the remaining 3.[49] For 2011, Kenseth returned to victory lane at Texas, Dover and Charlotte. However, Crown Royal announced that they would not return to the No. 17 team, instead focusing their NASCAR efforts on the Brickyard 400 sponsorship. Despite this, Kenseth finished fourth in points.

In 2012, Kenseth's primary sponsorship was split between Best Buy, Zest Soap, and Fifth Third Bank, although the team was still forced to run several races unsponsored. Kenseth started the year strong by winning the Gatorade Duel Qualifying Race and the Daytona 500, which was also Jack Roush's 300th victory in NASCAR and his second Daytona 500 victory. It was later announced that Kenseth was leaving Roush Fenway Racing after the season, even though he had no team he was going to. Everyone was wondering how Kenseth would perform after revealing the news. Kenseth made the Chase and won two of the ten Chase races (Talladega and Kansas). Kenseth finished seventh in the standings. It was then announced that Kenseth would be driving for Joe Gibbs Racing in 2013.

In 2013, Kenseth was replaced by rookie Ricky Stenhouse, Jr.. Stenhouse inherited Kenseth's sponsorship, while adding primary support from Nationwide Insurance to cover the unfilled races. Stenhouse had shown promise, as he finished 12th at the Daytona 500. Through the first 17 points races, his highest finish had been 11th. He also finished second in the Sprint Showdown. Stenhouse's best finish of the entire season was a third-place finish at Talladega in October.

In 2014, the team's Best Buy sponorship was replaced by Cargill, while keeping Zest, Fifth-Third and Nationwide. Stenhouse struggled along with the rest of the Roush program. Stenhouse spend a majority of the summer working with new crew chief Mike Kelley trying to improve the chemistry of the team. The No. 17 suffered through a dismal season, with Stenhouse recording two top tens, while failing to qualify once. The team finished 28th in owner points.[50][51]

In 2015, Nationwide Insurance moved to Hendrick Motorsports to sponsor Dale Earnhardt, Jr.. Zest, Cargill and Fifth-Third returned to the No. 17, with primary sponsorship anchored by Fastenal, moving from Roush's No. 99 car.[52] The team recorded three top tens, and ended the season 25th in owner and driver points. Stenhouse improved in 2016, getting four top fives and six top tens. He gained four positions in points up to 21st, his best run since his rookie year in 2013, performing better than his teammates. In 2017 at The 2017 GEICO 500 Ricky Stenhouse Jr won his first race in the 17 car at Talladega Superspeedway. In July, he won his second career win in the Coke Zero 400 at Daytona International Speedway. Stenhouse finished 13th in points and returned for 2018.

Car No. 26 history

Johnny Benson in 1998.
The damaged No. 26 Sharpie-sponsored Ford (background) being driven by Jamie McMurray at Bristol in 2006, as Jeff Gordon spins (foreground)

The first 26 car debuted in 1998 as Roush's first attempt at a fifth NASCAR Cup Series team (6, 16, 26, 97, 99). The team hired third-year driver Johnny Benson, Jr., buying out his contract from Bahari Racing, and signed General Mills's Cheerios brand as its sponsor.[13][53] After failing to qualify at Daytona, the No. 26 debuted at North Carolina, where Benson finished 30th in the car. Benson ended the 1998 season with three top fives, ten top tens, and earned 20th place in the championship points.[13] In 1999, the No. 26 car experienced a very disappointing year. After mustering only two top tens finishes and dropping eight spots in points, Benson was given his release from the team to drive for Tyler Jet Motorsports.[13][53] General Mills and Cheerios would also leave Roush Racing to replace STP as the primary sponsor of the famed No. 43 of Petty Enterprises with driver John Andretti. Without a driver or sponsor the team ceased operations.[13]

The No. 97 Sharpie-sponsored Ford Taurus being raced by Kurt Busch alongside Joe Nemechek driving the No. 01 U.S. Army-sponsored MB2 Motorsports Chevrolet at Talladega in 2005.

The No. 97 car raced for the first time at the 1993 fall event at Charlotte Motor Speedway. Sponsored by Kleenex and owned by Greg Pollex, Chad Little was the driver. Little and Pollex ran part-time for four years with various sponsorships until 1997, when they ran full-time with backing from John Deere.[54] However, after experiencing financial and performance struggles, Roush bought the team three-quarters of the way through the season, becoming the fifth Roush Racing entry.[54] Little qualified for 27 out of 32 races that year.[54] The team returned in 1998, with Little signing a multi-year contract, and the car changing to the Ford nameplate from Pontiac.[54]

Despite missing the spring Atlanta race, Little finished a career-best second at the Texas 500 and finished 15th in points.[54] After that, the performance of the team slipped, and midway through 2000 it was announced that Little would leave the team.[55] Prior to the fall race at Dover, Little was released and Kurt Busch, a Roush Craftsman Truck Series driver, drove for the team for the final seven races.[56] With John Deere leaving,[56] the No. 97 car (like the No. 16 car in 2000) started the 2001 season unsponsored,[14] but soon found sponsorships from Newell Rubbermaid brands Rubbermaid and Sharpie. Busch's rookie year in the Winston Cup Series was unspectacular save for a pole at Darlington. The team finished 27th in points, with only six top ten finishes. In 2002, Busch grabbed headlines after battling with Jimmy Spencer for a win at Bristol. This sparked a rivalry between the two drivers that lasted for the following years. However, the 2002 season marked a coming-of-age for the team, which won four times (including 3 of the final five races and the season finale at Homestead) and finished third in the championship points. Busch drove the No. 97 to victory lane four times in 2003, along with 14 top ten finishes. The team was riding in the top tens for most of the season, but late season struggles brought the team an 11th-place points finish. 2004 was the defining year of team No. 97. Winning three times, earning 21 top ten finishes, and clinching a pole, Busch won the first Chase for the Cup Championship. In 2005, he won three times and finished tenth in points.

Midway through the 2005 season, Busch shocked many in the NASCAR community when he announced that he would be leaving Roush Racing and replacing the retiring Rusty Wallace in the No. 2, owned by Penske Racing. On November 7, 2005 it was announced that Busch had been released from contractual obligations at Roush and would leave the team at the end of the season.[57][58] In November 2005, Busch was cited for reckless driving in an area close to Phoenix International Raceway. Although no action was taken by NASCAR, Roush Racing suspended Busch for the remainder of the 2005 season. Kenny Wallace took his place for the final two races of the season. On November 16, 2005, it was officially announced that the No. 97 car would be renumbered as the No. 26 (last used by Roush in 1999) for the 2006 season.[59] After originally being signed to replace Mark Martin in the 6 car, Jamie McMurray became the 26 car's new driver, with sponsorships from Crown Royal, Smirnoff Ice, and Irwin Industrial Tools. He had seven top ten finishes and finished 25th in points in his first year with the team. For 2007, the season hit its peak when McMurray edged out Kyle Busch by 0.005 seconds to win the Pepsi 400. McMurray would end 2007 with one win, three top fives, and nine top tens along with a 17th-place finish in points. 2008 was mostly the same for the No. 26, but improving one spot to 16th thanks to four top fives in the final six races of the season. 2009 was the final season for the No. 26 team because of a new NASCAR rule that limit all teams to four full-time cars. McMurray finished 22nd in points, and returned to Chip Ganassi Racing (then Earnhardt Ganassi Racing) for 2010.[15] Crown Royal moved to the No. 17 team of Matt Kenseth in 2010 after DeWalt terminated its sponsorship due the economic downturn.

In January 2010, Vermont businessman Bill Jenkins purchased the team and its owner points, singing a "services contract" with RFR to provide equipment and assistance. The new No. 26 team was called Latitude 43 Motorsports, after the cleaning products company Jenkins owns.[15][60]

Car No. 99 history

The No. 99 car from 1996–1997

The No. 99 car first raced at the 1996 Daytona 500, with Jeff Burton driving and Exide Batteries as the sponsor. The car finished 5th in that race. After missing the first Atlanta race, Burton won a pole at Michigan and finished 13th in the points standings. Burton won the first three races of his career in 1997, (including the inaugural Cup race at Texas Motor Speedway) and ended the season fourth in the points. In 1998, Burton enjoyed another successful season, winning 2 races, mounting 23 top ten finishes, and finishing fifth in the championship points standings. The team led the points standings part of 1999, but lost the top spot after performing poorly at Richmond. The team again finished 5th in points, with six wins and—like the previous year–23 top tens. Late in 2000, Exide ceased their sponsorship, and Citgo joined with new financial backing. The car finished a team-high third in the points standings with four wins (one of which was at New Hampshire in September where NASCAR used restrictor plates following the deaths of Adam Petty and Kenny Irwin earlier that year), 22 top tens, and one pole. Burton won 2 races in 2001, at Charlotte and Phoenix, but fell back to 10th in the points with 16 top tens. The No. 99 would not win another race with Burton behind the wheel, as he managed back-to-back 12th-place points standings finishes in 2002 and 2003.

Carl Edwards at Texas in 2007.

After the 2003 season, Citgo discontinued their sponsorship for the No. 99 team and Roush wasn't able to find a full-time sponsor to run the team. Burton continued to race for the team with several one-off sponsorship deals such as Pennzoil, Team Caliber, and Hot Wheels and some support from his secondary sponsors such as SKF. With the financial state of the No. 99 still in doubt and Burton struggles, rumors began circulating that Burton's days in the No. 99 were close to an end. Burton did eventually leave Roush after eight and a half years to replace Johnny Sauter in the No. 30 AOL-sponsored Chevrolet for Richard Childress Racing.[61]

Edwards winning at Las Vegas in 2011.

To fill the void left by this departure, Roush elevated Carl Edwards from the Truck series.[61] Edwards showed immediate promise while driving the unsponsored No. 99 car, posting five top ten finishes in his shortened season. In 2005—his first full-time season—with sponsorship from Scotts, Office Depot, Stonebridge Life Insurance Company, and World Financial Group, Edwards won four races and finished in a tie for 2nd in the points standings. In 2006, Office Depot became the team's exclusive sponsor. Edwards failed to win or make the Chase for the Cup, posting ten top fives but finishing 12th in points. Edwards snapped his 52-race winless streak by winning the 2007 Citizens Bank 400 at Michigan International Speedway. In 2008, Edwards posted a series-best nine wins and also led in top fives and top tens, but he was still runner-up by 69 points to three-time consecutive champion Jimmie Johnson.[62] Office Depot did not renew their sponsorship after the 2008 season. In 2009, Aflac became the new sponsor for Carl Edwards and the No. 99 car. Edwards made the chase in 2009 finishing 11th in points despite not winning a race. In 2010, Kellogg's moved from Hendrick Motorsports to join the team as the primary sponsor for two races, and associate sponsor for the rest of the season.[63] Scotts also joined Edwards' Cup sponsorship after several years as a Nationwide sponsor. Edwards snapped a 70-race winless skid with his victory in the 2010 Kobalt Tools 500 at Phoenix International Raceway. One week later, he won his second race in a row at Homestead-Miami Speedway in the Ford 400.

In 2011, Carl Edwards still drove the No. 99. He won his only race of the season at Las Vegas Motor Speedway, but managed to remain in the top 12 with consistent finishes. Kellogg's and Subway returned to sponsor a few races, and Edwards managed to finish 2nd in points on a tiebreaker with Tony Stewart. For 2012, the No. 99 was sponsored by Fastenal, Kellogg's, UPS and Best Buy. Edwards finished 15th in points, winless, with three top fives and 13 top tens. In 2013, Edwards ended his winless streak by winning in Phoenix.

Edwards won the Food City 500 at Bristol in March 2014 to lock himself into that year's Chase. However, on July 27, 2014, Roush Fenway announced that Edwards would not return to the No. 99 in 2015 and that sponsor Fastenal would move to Roush's No. 17 car to replace the departing Nationwide Insurance. This left the No. 99 without a sponsor or a driver for 2015, and the crew was moved to the resurrected No. 6 team with Trevor Bayne.[28]

On October 23, 2016 the No. 99 returned, as Ryan Reed made his Sprint Cup debut at Talladega.[64] Reed made the race, starting 18th and finishing 26th, completing all the laps (including the overtime laps).

Xfinity Series

The Xfinity Series operation began in 1992 with the No. 60 driven by Mark Martin. The No. 60 team has been dominant throughout its history, amassing many wins with Martin; three driver's championships with Greg Biffle in 2002, Carl Edwards in 2007, and Chris Buescher in 2015; and an owner's championship with Edwards in 2011. The No. 6 team won back-to-back driver's championships in 2011 & 2012 with Ricky Stenhouse Jr.[6][10]

Car No. 1 history

The number 1 started as the number 06 Ford Fusion when first raced in the Hershey's Kissables 300 at Daytona International Speedway on February 18, 2006. Todd Kluever piloted the car, with sponsorship from 3M, for the entire 2006 season,[20] earning four top-ten finishes and one pole. Mike Kelley, the former car chief on championship car 97, was the crew chief.[20] For 2007, Mark Martin drove the 06 machine in two races, with sponsorship from Dish Network, at Daytona International Speedway and Texas Motor Speedway.[65][66][67] This team did not return in 2008.

On October 30, 2014, Roush Fenway announced that veteran Elliott Sadler would drive the No. 1 car in 2015, bringing sponsor OneMain Financial from Joe Gibbs Racing. This marked Sadler's reunion with former owner and engine builder Doug Yates, and his fourth stint with manufacturer Ford.[2] Sadler earned four top fives and 17 top tens to finish sixth in points.[68] Sadler and OneMain Financial would leave at the end of the season for JR Motorsports.[69] The No. 1 team was shut down, and around 25 employees were released.[70]

Car No. 6 history

Erik Darnell at Milwaukee in 2009.

The car now known as the No. 6 car debuted at Daytona in 1997 as the No. 9 car. Jeff Burton drove the Track Gear sponsored Ford Taurus to a 40th-place finish. During the 1997 season, Robbie Crouch, Ted Musgrave, and Rob Wilson drove the No. 9 on limited schedules, with a best finish coming from Crouch at Loudon. Over the next six years, Burton drove to 16 wins with additional sponsorships from Northern Light, Febreze, and Gain, among others. After Burton left Roush Racing midway through 2004, Mark Martin returned to the Busch Series, posting four top-10s in five starts. In 2005, Martin ran five races and won twice. The car switched to the No. 6 in 2006, after a number switch with Evernham Motorsports, and ran a part-time schedule sponsored by Ameriquest. In 2007, David Ragan drove the car full-time in 2007 using the No. 06 owner's points, with sponsorship coming from the Discount Tire Company. After a 5th-place finish in points, Ragan was named Rookie of the Year.[25] After running full-time in 2008, Ragan went to part-time and won the 2009 Aaron's 312 for his first Nationwide series victory as well as a win at Bristol. Rookie Erik Darnell filled out the rest of the schedule with Northern Tool and Equipment sponsoring. He won a pole and had two top-fives, but was unable to return the next season due to a lack of funding.

In 2010, Ricky Stenhouse Jr. drove the No. 6 Ford with Citifinancial as the primary sponsor. After crashing out of a few early events along with rookie teammate Colin Braun, Roush temporarily benched Stenhouse after he failed to qualify at Nashville in April. The No. 6 was driven by Brian Ickler at Kentucky, and by Billy Johnson at Watkins Glen. When veteran Mike Kelley took over the pit box, Stenhouse responded with a 3rd-place finish at the fall race at Daytona. The team rallied back to claim Rookie of the Year honors. The next year Cargill Meat Solutions sponsored the team for a few races as Citi had left for Kevin Harvick Incorporated. With fresh momentum, and most of the Cup drivers running limited schedules, Stenhouse swept both Iowa races for his first two Nationwide Series victories, and held off former Cup driver Elliott Sadler for the Nationwide Series championship. Stenhouse would beat Sadler again in 2012 for his second consecutive championship.

For 2013, former Daytona 500 winner Trevor Bayne, who had been sidelined in recent years due to illness and lack of sponsorship, drove the car full-time. Cargill returned to the team, along with Valvoline and Ford EcoBoost. In 2014, Advocare moved from Richard Childress Racing to sponsor the entire season. Bayne earned a pole at Iowa, along with 21 top ten finishes to finish 6th in driver points (the No. 6 finished 10th in owners points).[71] Bayne moved up to the Sprint Cup Series in 2015 with Advocare.

In December 2014, it was reported that Camping World Truck Series driver and Drive for Diversity graduate Darrell Wallace Jr. had asked for and was granted release from his contract with Joe Gibbs Racing. Later it was revealed that he had signed a deal to drive in Roush Fenway's No. 6 for 2015, with Chad Norris as his crew chief.[72] Due to lack of sponsorship, Ford EcoBoost and Roush Performance frequently appeared as placeholders on the car, as the brands had done on teammate Chris Buescher's No. 60 car.[73] One-race deals came from Cheez-It, AdvoCare, Fastenal, Bleacher Report, Cross Insurance, and Scotchman. In 2017, Wallace departed the team to drive the No.43 in the cup series and the team suspended operations. Another reason to the operations being suspended was because the team was struggling to find sponsorship.

Car No. 16 history

Colin Braun in 2010.

The No. 16 car made its Busch Series debut at Daytona in 2006. Greg Biffle drove the Ameriquest car in 20 races, winning once at California Speedway. For 2007, Biffle shared driving duties of the 3M Ford Fusion with Todd Kluever. For 2008, Citifinancial and 3M were the sponsors on the car, with Biffle, Jamie McMurray, and Colin Braun sharing the driving duties. Biffle drove most of the races, McMurray drove at Atlanta, Texas, and Phoenix. Colin Braun drove with two pole wins at Mexico City and O'Reilly Raceway Park. Braun, Kenseth, Ricky Stenhouse Jr., and Biffle drove the car in 2009, with Biffle winning twice and Kenseth once. Braun moved up to the ride full-time in 2010 with Con-way Freight as sponsor for 18 races.[74] However Braun struggled, crashing out of several races, and was replaced by Matt Kenseth at Richmond, Darlington and Atlanta.[75] Brian Ickler drove four races, Erik Darnell drove 3 races,[76] and Trevor Bayne drove a single race. Braun had five top-10 finishes in 24 starts, and was released after the end of the season.[77]

Billy Johnson driving at Road America in 2013

For 2011, Braun was replaced by Trevor Bayne.[78][79] After 8 races, Bayne was hospitalized for various illnesses, and Roush drivers Chris Buescher and Kevin Swindell filled in for him. Bayne returned later in the season, and scored his first win at Texas in the fall. Bayne's crew moved over to RFR's No. 60 to run a limited schedule, and the 16 team shut down for 2012. For 2013, the No. 16 car was resurrected with Chris Buescher and Billy Johnson driving part-time with Ford EcoBoost, and Ryan Reed driving a limited schedule with Lilly Diabetes/ADA Drive To Stop Diabetes sponsorship. Ricky Stenhouse Jr. ran at Texas with Sprint Cup Series sponsor Zest.

Buescher moved to the No. 60 car for 2014, and Ryan Reed drove the No. 16 full-time with Lilly and the ADA, running for Rookie of the Year.[80] Reed scored only one top ten finish, a fourth at Daytona in July, finishing ninth in driver points while the No. 16 finished 14th in owner points.[71] Reed returned to the No. 16 for 2015,[2] and won the first race of the season at Daytona, which was also his first career win. Reed was pushed by teammate Buescher past leader Brad Keselowski on the final lap to take the victory.[81] The win would be Reed's only top ten finish of the year; he would have an average finish of 16.8 to finish tenth in driver points.[68] In 2016 Reed went winless but finished 6th in points. Reed won the season opener at Daytona again in 2017 and finished 8th in points.

Car No. 17 history

Matt Kenseth in 2007.

The 17 car debuted in 1994 at Darlington with driver/owner Robbie Reiser driving the unsponsored car to 35th after a crash. Reiser ran part-time for a few years. He hired Tim Bender to drive the car in 1997. After Bender was injured, Reiser decided to hire fellow Wisconsinite Matt Kenseth to replace him. Kenseth had seven Top 10 finishes and ended the year 22nd in points. His substitution duty was impressive enough to get him a ride in Reiser's car for the next season. Kenseth won his first race at North Carolina in 1998. Driving with new sponsorship from Lycos, he won three races and finished second in points to Dale Earnhardt Jr.. DeWalt Tools became the sponsor in 1999, with Kenseth getting an additional four wins and a third-place finish in points. The team actually was not part of Roush Racing until 2002; Reiser, the team owner, ran Chevrolets through the 2001 season and since then, the No. 17 car has run part-time with a variety of different sponsors, with Kenseth at least co-driving each time. In 2006, the car ran on a limited basis with sponsorships from Ameriquest and Pennzoil. That year, Kenseth won three races. In 2007, the No. 17 car carried sponsorships from Arby's, Dish Network, and Weyerhauser and Kenseth continued driving it, along with Danny O'Quinn, and Michel Jourdain Jr.. The car took two wins at California and Texas. Still in the car, Kenseth finishing 10th in points despite competing only 23 races. For 2008, the car's sponsorship was expected to be the same, with Citigroup coming on board for a few races. In 2009, Kenseth raced it in the Camping World 300 at Daytona with a sponsorship form Ritz. Ricky Stenhouse Jr. was tapped to drive the car in the Dollar General 300 at Charlotte in October with Save-A-Lot as the main sponsor. The team did not run again until Kansas in October 2010, when Trevor Bayne drove it in six of the remaining 7 races of the 2010 season after he left Michael Waltrip Racing.[78][82] The team shut down again for 2011.

Car No. 26 history

The No. 26 Ford debuted as the No. 50 at Daytona in 2006. Danny O'Quinn was the driver, with primary sponsorship from World Financial Group and Stonebridge Life Insurance Company, members of the Aegon group, after beginning the season with sponsorship from Roush Racing only. Drew Blickensderfer was the crew chief. O'Quinn had five top-ten finishes and was named Rookie of the Year despite being replaced by David Ragan for two races. The team switched to the No. 26 for 2007, with Greg Biffle driving at Daytona with Oreo sponsorship. Jamie McMurray then drove the car for the majority of the season sponsored by Dish Network, finishing in the top-ten three times. Todd Kluever drove twice with a best finish of nineteenth. This team did not return in 2008.

Car No. 60 history

A diecast model of Mark Martin's No. 60 Busch car from the 1990s.

The centerpiece and original car of Roush Racing's Busch operation debuted at the opening race of the 1992 Busch Series season at Daytona. Mark Martin was driving with Winn-Dixie as sponsor, finishing sixth in that race. For the next several years, this was Martin's personal Busch car and he won enough races to surpass Jack Ingram as the all-time leader of wins in the Busch Series (since surpassed by Kyle Busch). During this time, he and several other Winston Cup drivers came under steep controversy for running the Busch Series as well as Cup. These drivers earned the nickname "Buschwackers."

After the 2000 season, Martin abbreviated his Busch Series schedule, and Winn-Dixie left NASCAR as a sponsor. His replacement was one of Roush's Truck Series drivers Greg Biffle, who brought sponsor W.W. Grainger with him. Biffle had a phenomenal rookie season, winning five times and even leading the championship standings at one point in the season before falling to Kevin Harvick. Biffle returned in 2002, winning four more times and the championship by a wide margin before moving on to Winston Cup, bringing Grainger with him. Roush hired Hollywood stuntman Stanton Barrett, who to that point was a journeyman driver, to drive the No. 60 for 2003 with OdoBan sponsoring. Despite winning two consecutive poles, the car lost its sponsor and folded before the end of the season. Charter Communications began sponsoring the car in 2004 and Biffle returned to drive the car full-time, winning five times and placing third in the series points standings.

Carl Edwards in 2008.

In 2005, Busch Series rookie and Cup Series regular Carl Edwards moved into the 60 car, winning five races en route to finishing third in points, and earning Rookie of the Year honors. Edwards returned to drive the Ameriquest-sponsored Ford for a full-time schedule in 2006, winning four more times and was runner-up for the championship. Edwards continued to pilot the car in 2007, with rotating sponsorship from Scotts, World Financial Group, and others. Edwards and the No. 60 team went on to win the 2007 Busch Grand National Series Championship by a very wide margin over David Reutimann. In 2008 he won five races and finished second in points behind Clint Bowyer in the inaugural Nationwide Series season. Edwards finished second in points again in 2009, finishing behind Kyle Busch. In 2010, Edwards ran for the Nationwide Series Championship again with co-sponsorship from Fastenal and Copart. Despite winning at Road America Gateway, and Texas, Edwards finished runner-up to Brad Keselowski. Edwards drove the No. 60 again in 2011 with only half of the season sponsored by Fastenal.[83] Despite being unable to compete for the drivers championship, as well as missing Road America, Edwards scored a career-high eight wins in 2011 and won the Owners Championship for Jack Roush. With the departure of crew chief Mike Beam to Kyle Busch Motorsports, Edwards announced that he would not contest the Nationwide Series owners championship the next season.

In 2012, Trevor Bayne's No. 16 crew moved over to the No. 60 and ran the first five races with the intent of running the full season. They ended up being sidelined by a lack of sponsorship. Later in 2012, the 60 returned with Edwards at Watkins Glen with Subway sponsoring. Edwards would subsequently win the race. At Montreal, the car was fielded for Roush road course driver Billy Johnson, who finished 8th. The team returned with Bayne at Bristol with backing from the Pat Summit Foundation. At the fall Richmond race, Travis Pastrana drove the car with Ford EcoBoost sponsorship, qualifying fifth and finishing 17th.[84] Pastrana would drive the No. 60 for the full season in 2013. his first full season of NASCAR competition. While he often showed speed, including a pole at Talladega, Pastrana struggled in his transition from Rally cars to heavier stock cars which led to several crashes.[85] On November 11, 2013, Pastrana announced that he would be leaving full-time NASCAR competition in 2014 due to the performance struggles and lack of sponsorship. He finished the season 14th in points with four top tens.[86]

Chris Buescher's Roush Performance Mustang (top) in 2014, and Fastenal Mustang (bottom) in 2015.

2012 ARCA champion Chris Buescher began driving the No. 60 in 2014 and competed for the Rookie of the Year award against a strong rookie class. After failing to qualify at Daytona, Buscher had a solid rookie season in spite of Roush Fenway's struggles as an organization.[87] Buescher finishied 9th at Las Vegas, 7th at Richmond, 2nd at Talladega, 9th at Charlotte, 11th at Dover, 10th at Michigan, and 12th at the July Daytona race. Buescher finished fifth at New Hampshire to earn a spot in the second Nationwide Dash 4 Cash race at Chicagoland;[88] he would finish 8th at Chicago and 11th at Indianapolis. Fastenal returned to sponsor the 60 at Iowa,[89] where Buescher finished 14th. Cup sponsors Kellogg's and Cheez-It sponsored the car at Watkins Glen.[90] Buescher scored his first career victory at Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course in the Nationwide Children's Hospital 200, the third rookie to win season and the only win for Roush in the Nationwide Series in 2014.[87] Buescher would finish 7th in points with 14 top tens, and the No. 60 would finish 11th in owners points.[71]

Buescher returned to the No. 60 in 2015.[2] Cup sponsors Fastenal, Cheez-It, Safety-Kleen, and AdvoCare came on to sponsor several races, along with Bit-O-Honey and Salted Nut Roll manufactured by the Pearson's Candy Company.[91][92] Buescher finished second in the Daytona season-opener behind teammate Ryan Reed.[1][81] He scored his first victory of the season at Iowa in May, on a green-white-checkered finish.[93] He scored his second win later in the month at Dover, after pit-stop strategy and contact with pole sitter and teammate Darrell Wallace Jr. racing for the lead.[94][95] After 24 consecutive weeks as the points leader, Buescher won his first Xfinity Series title and the eighth for Roush, with 11 top fives, 20 top tens, and an average finish of 8.4.[68][96][97]

The No. 60 returned on a part-time basis for 2016. Trevor Bayne drove one race at Waltkins Glen with sponsorship AdvoCare. Gray Gaulding drove two races beginning at Bristol in August.[98] Ricky Stenhouse Jr. drove the car at Phoenix in November, with sponsorship from SunnyD.[99]

Car No. 98 history

As part of the breakup of Yates Racing following the 2009 season, Jack Roush purchased the No. 98 Nationwide Series team. Paul Menard briefly drove for the team with sponsorship from Menards. Menard and his sponsor moved to Richard Childress Racing for 2011 and the team ceased operation.

Camping World Truck Series

From 1995 until 2009 Roush also fielded teams in the NASCAR Truck Series, fielding trucks for drivers such as Kurt Busch, Biffle, Kyle Busch, Edwards, Ricky Craven, David Ragan, and various others. Many of these drivers went on to drive for the team at the Cup level.[1][25] Roush's trucks won fifty races and the 2000 Truck Series championship with Biffle driving.[6]

Truck No. 09 history

The 50 truck in 2007.

The No. 09 truck began running in 2005 as a research and development entry for Ford. Bobby East attempted a few races in the truck (then No. 33) but failed to qualify. Mark Martin made the team's first qualification at the Ford 200, where he started 14th and finished 8th with sponsorship from Stonebridge Life Insurance.

After Martin's strong start to the 2006 season, his original limited schedule was expanded. Roush decided to run another part-time team for rookie David Ragan to fill out his original schedule. Ragan took the No. 50 to a 22nd-place finish at Atlanta, but struggled in his next few starts in both the No. 50 and the No. 6. After crashing the No. 6 in practice for the Mansfield race, he was replaced for the weekend. Carl Edwards ran the No. 50 at the Dover race, and Ragan returned at the Texas race. Ragan's best finish in the No. 50 came at Atlanta where he finished sixth. Peter Shepherd and Michel Jourdain Jr. also drove the No. 50 on a part-time basis during the season with sponsorship from Edwards drove the truck for the first two races of the season unsponsored, when it was announced T. J. Bell would drive the truck for fifteen races, bringing sponsorship from Heathcliff's Cat Litter. Development drivers Peter Shepherd and Danny O'Quinn Jr. also drove the No. 50 truck with sponsorship from Northern Tool and Equipment. Joey Clanton began the 2008 season driving the No. 09 full-time in 2008 with Zaxby's sponsoring, but after the season-opening race, he was released. Travis Kvapil returned to Roush and shared this ride with Bobby East, and John Wes Townley for the rest of the season. Roush shut down the No. 09 team after the 2008 season.

Truck No. 6 history

Travis Kvapil in 2007.

The No. 6 truck debuted at Heartland Park Topeka in 1996 as No. 99. It was sponsored by Exide Batteries and driven to an eighth-place finish by Jeff Burton. Posting three top tens in four races that year, he shared the ride with Mark Martin, who won at North Wilkesboro Speedway. The next year, Chuck Bown was hired to drive full-time, and posted thirteen top tens and finished ninth in points. The rotating doors moved again, and Joe Ruttman was driving this truck in 1998, winning once and finishing 3rd in points. Mike Bliss was next to tackle the ride, and he performed decently, winning at Martinsville but only finishing 9th in points. When Bliss left for an ill-fated rookie year in Winston Cup, Kurt Busch was named the new driver. Busch won four times and finished second to teammate Biffle in the championship, easily winning Rookie of the Year.

Both Busch and Exide exited after that season (Busch moving to the Cup Series), and rookie Nathan Haseleu took over.[100][101] The truck was largely unsponsored at the beginning of the year, with Eldon becoming the sponsor after nine races. Despite posting four top ten finishes in twelve starts, Hasleau was waived mid-season, replaced initially by former Truck Series drivers Greg Biffle and Kurt Busch.[100][101] Biffle scored two wins in the truck.[102] Kurt's younger brother Kyle would also run six races at the end of the season, earning two top tens at the age of 16.[103] Kyle Busch was scheduled to race the truck full-time in 2002, but during the 2001 season finale at Fontana he was ejected from the race due to conflicts with track sponsor Marlboro. Afterwards, NASCAR announced all drivers in its top three series must be at least 18 years of age. Tim Woods III would replace Busch in the race.[103][104][105][106]

After Tim Fedewa ran the 2002 season-opener in the truck, and with the now 17-year-old Busch not able to compete, the team did not run for the rest of the year due to lack of sponsorship.[104] The truck returned in 2003 with Carl Edwards driving;[25] although the United States Navy was the truck's original sponsor, they left the team midway through the year and Edwards ran largely unsponsored until Superchips came on to sponsor him.[25] Edwards won three races and the Rookie of the Year title.[25] He repeated his win total in 2004 and moved up to fourth in points, and following Jeff Burton's departure from Roush Racing he began splitting time between the Truck Series and the Nextel Cup Series.[25][61]

Colin Braun in 2008.

When Edwards moved up to Nextel Cup for 2005, Roush hired a former Cup driver, Ricky Craven to take his place.[107] Despite posting seven top tens and winning at Martinsville, Roush and Craven announced they would not be back together in 2006. Instead, the truck switched to No. 6, and was shared by Nextel Cup veteran Mark Martin and rookie David Ragan. The No. 6 truck's new sponsor was Scotts, and the truck, piloted by Martin, won the first two races of the 2006 season. Martin then decided to race more races than he originally intended, and he only skipped races without a corresponding Nextel Cup event. Auggie Vidovich II drove for the Mansfield race after Ragan crashed the truck in practice, finishing 19th. Ragan shared the truck with Martin for the balance of the season and had six top-tens and one pole in the 6 truck. Martin had the most success in the truck, winning five races. Overall, the team finished 2nd in the owner's points. 2003 NCTS Champion Travis Kvapil returned to the Truck Series in 2007, and won four races en route to a sixth-place finish in points. As Kvapil heads back to the Sprint Cup Series with Yates Racing, former Rolex Sports Car Series driver Colin Braun took Kvapil's place in the 6 truck with sponsorship from Con-way. In his rookie season, Braun had three top-fives and finished 13th in points, winning Rookie of the Year. In 2009, he won at Michigan and finished 5th in points. With moving Braun to the Nationwide Series for the 2010 season, Roush shut down this team and ended its Truck program. He later sold the remaining Trucks to Sprint Cup driver Kyle Busch for him to start his own Truck Team.

Truck No. 99 history

Jon Wood's No. 50 truck in 2002.
Erik Darnell in 2008.

The original truck in Roush's stable which debuted in 1995 at the Heartland Park Topeka road course. It was No. 61 and driven to a fourth-place finish by Todd Bodine. Bodine had two more top ten runs at Richmond and Mesa Marin Raceway before Ted Musgrave drove to a fourth-place finish at Phoenix. In 1996, the car switched to No. 80 and Joe Ruttman was at the wheel, nailing down sixteen top-10s and finishing 4th in points. In 1997, with sponsorship from LCI, Ruttman won five times and finished 3rd in points. After running one race with the truck in 1998, the truck switched to No. 50 for 1999. Ruttman took over another ride with the team, and he was replaced by rookie Greg Biffle, whom Roush hired under the recommendation of Benny Parsons. Biffle would be sponsored by W. W. Grainger.[39] Although he failed to win a race, Biffle won four poles and finished eighth in points.

Biffle would go on a tear in 1999, when he won nine times, and was in contention for the championship for much of the season before finally losing to Jack Sprague. His 2000 season was less dominant with only five wins, but he was able to win the championship by 230 points over teammate Kurt Busch.[39] With Biffle moving up to the Busch Series, in 2001, Roush hired Winston Modified Tour driver Chuck Hossfeld to drive the truck after he won 2000 Roush "Gong Show" competition.[100][101][108] Hossfeld struggled in his rookie year, and soon he was released, with a Jon Wood driving the truck for the remainder of the season.[100][101] Wood's audition was impressive enough to earn him a full-time run in 2002, and he posted twelve top ten finishes in the U.S. Navy sponsored truck and finished 12th in points in his first full year. Wood had two wins the next year, and finished 15th in points in 2004 before moving on to JTG Racing in the Busch Series. In 2005, Todd Kluever, another "Gong Show" winner, piloted the truck sponsored by Shell Rotella T and World Financial Group. Kluever earned six top five and twelve top ten finishes in his rookie season, winning the Rookie of the Year award.[20][25][107] Erik Darnell piloted the newly renumbered 99 truck full-time in 2006 with at first Woolrich, but eventually Northern Tool and Equipment as sponsor to a 2006 Rookie of the Year title.[25] 2007 brought about Darnell's first win at Kansas,[25] but inconsistency left the team 12th in points at season's end. 2008 would be the 99's final season in the Truck Series, as the team was being moved up for a part-time schedule in the Nationwide Series. Darnell captured one win at Michigan by only .005 seconds over eventual champion Johnny Benson. This team was shut down after the 2008 season.

ARCA Re/Max Series

Car No. 60 history

Car No. 99 history


Roush-Yates Engines

Outside Roush headquarters.

Perhaps Roush Racing's most famous partnership is with the now defunct-Yates Racing, a longtime rival Ford team. In 2004, the two teams announced a program to combine their engine divisions, now known as Roush-Yates Engines (RYE), a move which greatly improved the power of both organizations' engines. By 2006, most Ford teams were using the Roush-Yates engines, including long-time Ford team and Roush affiliate Wood Brothers Racing (then Wood Brothers/JTG Racing). Current Roush-Yates clients include Richard Petty Motorsports (RPM), Team Penske (TP), Wood Brothers Racing (WBR), Stewart-Haas Racing[109] (SHR), Front Row Motorsports (FRM), and Go FAS Racing (GFR).[4][12][110]

Roush Fenway also has technical alliances with several teams, including RPM, and Front Row, providing engines, chassis, and bodies as well as technical support.[111][112] Roush also provided heavy technical support to Yates Racing from 2008 to the team's closure at the end of 2009, when it merged with RPM.[113][114] As of 2017, Roush supplies engines and chassis to 13 Monster Energy Cup Teams.

Wood Brothers Racing

The first technical alliance between Roush Racing and another organization was with Wood Brothers Racing, another longtime Ford team and the oldest active team in the sport. The Wood Brothers alliance began in mid-2000, after Roush had provided the team with engines the previous two seasons.[115][116][117] The relationship later expanded when the team fielded Roush development driver Trevor Bayne from late-2010 to 2014.[118] It would end after that season, with the Wood Brothers currently receiving equipment and support (other than engines) from Team Penske.[119]

Tim Brown partnership

In 2005, nine-time Pro Bowl NFL wide receiver Tim Brown announced that he intended to start his own NASCAR team, most likely No. 81, and receive equipment from Roush Racing.[120] Brown also stated that he will let Roush select his driver.[121] The series the team will run will depend on how much sponsorship money the team gets.

Brown had said that his team will most likely not enter NASCAR until 2007, but as of October 2006, no further announcements have been made about the status of this partnership.

No Fear Racing

In 2006, SoBe No Fear energy drink announced that it was forming a new team to run full-time in 2007, with a car driven by road racing specialist Boris Said. It was also announced that this new team would be affiliated with Roush Racing. This allows Roush to sell No Fear Racing cars and equipment, as well as help them with engineering. In return, Said is tutoring Roush's younger drivers on road course racing.[122] The team began running a limited schedule with the Sonoma road course in 2006.

Robby Gordon

Starting with the 2007 season, Robby Gordon switched from Chevrolet to Ford vehicles after signing a contract with Ford Racing. He leased engines from the Roush/Yates engine program through the 2007 season, until he switched to Gillett Evernham engines and a Dodge Charger.

Creation of Roush Fenway Racing

On February 14, 2007, the Fenway Sports Group, owner of the Boston Red Sox baseball team, purchased 50% of Roush Racing to create a new corporate entity, Roush Fenway Racing.[123]

Mike Dee, president of the Fenway Sports Group was quoted as saying, "Although there have been many instances of cross ownership in the world of professional sports, this partnership marks the first time that owners of a professional franchise in one of the four major leagues have crossed over into the world of NASCAR."

Current management will remain in place at Roush Fenway Racing, with Jack Roush handling all competitive operations and Geoff Smith will continue as Roush Racing president to handle business activities.[124]

Aerospace industry

Roush became involved in the aerospace industry in the 2010s. In April 2015, United Launch Alliance announced that they were contracting with Roush Racing to produce the lightweight internal combustion engine to be used to power the long-life on orbit system of the Advanced Cryogenic Evolved Stage to be flown in the 2020s as the second stage of the Vulcan launch vehicle.[125]

The Gong Show

For many years, Roush Racing recruited its developmental drivers through an elimination style of testing entitled The Gong Show. The first competition was held in 1985 for Roush's road racing program.[25][126] The first combine for the stock car program was held in 1999.[25][95][107][127] The process would begin when Roush solicited applications from thousands of drivers from all levels or racing. They would then put through a series of tests, gauging not only driving skills, but also public relations talent and personality traits. Eventually, the field would be narrowed down to an elite group who are allowed to race Roush vehicles, often Truck Series vehicles, in an attempt to assess driving ability. Those with the fastest times progress, and ultimately the best drivers are awarded with a contract to drive for Roush in the Truck Series or Busch Series (now Xfinity Series). In 2005, the process was documented in the Discovery Channel television series Roush Racing: Driver X, which followed the stories of those involved in the 2005 Gong Show.[95][107] Winners of the program include Kurt Busch, Carl Edwards and David Ragan.[25][95][107]

The term "Gong Show" comes from the 1970s talent show spoof "The Gong Show."[107]

See also


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External links