Lisbon Portela Airport
|Lisbon Portela Airport
Aeroporto de Lisboa
Aeroporto da Portela
|IATA: LIS – ICAO: LPPT|
|Owner||Government of Portugal|
|Operator||ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal, SA|
|Location||Portela de Sacavém|
|Elevation AMSL||114 m / 374 ft|
|Source: Portuguese AIP|
Lisbon Portela Airport, also known as Lisbon Airport (IATA: LIS, ICAO: LPPT), is an international airport located 7 km (4.3 mi) north of Castle of São Jorge in the city of Lisbon, the capital of Portugal. In Portuguese, it is called Aeroporto de Lisboa, Aeroporto da Portela, or Aeroporto da Portela de Sacavém. It takes its name from the neighbouring parish (freguesia) of Portela, also known as Portela de Sacavém.
The airport is the main international gateway to Portugal and a major European hub. It is one of the largest airports in southern Europe. The airport has two main runways, capable of accommodating large-size aircraft such as the Boeing 747. During the Second World War, as the neutral airport was open to both German and British airlines, it was a hub for smuggling people into, out of and all around Europe, as widely referenced in the classic film Casablanca, whose plot revolved around an escape attempt to Lisbon airport. As such, it was heavily monitored by both Axis and Allied spies. In 2010, the airport handled 14,035,273 passengers and 93,871 tonnes of cargo. The airport is the main base-hub of TAP Portugal, and also for easyJet, SATA International, Luzair, euroAtlantic Airways, Hi Fly, Portugália and White Airways. The airport is run by state-owned company ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal.
The airport opened on 15 October 1942 during the Second World War, although Portugal was neutral the airport was used by allied flights en route to Gibraltar, North Africa and Cairo. At the end of the war the airport developed quickly and by 1946 was used by major airlines like Air France, British European Airways, Iberia, KLM, Sabena, Pan Am and Trans World Airlines and by 1954 the number of passengers had reached 100,000.
A 1951-52 airport diagram shows four runways at 45-deg angles: 1350-m runway 5, 1024-m rwy 9, 1203-m rwy 14, and 1170-m rwy 18. Runways 5 and 36 were each being extended northward to become 1999 m.
A major upgrade in 1959-62 included a new runway capable of taking the first generation jets, Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8. The first jet aircraft movement was an Air France Caravelle in 1960. In 1962 runway 03/21 came into use, it was 3,130 m (10,270 ft) and would allow direct transatlantic flights. The first direct flight to New York was operated by a TWA Boeing 707 who also operated the first Boeing 747 service in 1970. When TAP ordered the 747, five large parking bays were built in 1972 and the terminal was enlarged. A major upgrade to the buildings and facilities was started in 1983 and the first air bridges were added in 1991.
The airport is now surrounded by urban development, being one of the few airports in Europe located inside a major city. This led to a national debate on whether to keep the present location or to build a new airport, the last option was chosen. Initially, Ota, a village 50 km (31 mi) north of Lisbon, was chosen as one of the sites for the new airport. In 2007 an independent study coordinated by the Portuguese Industry Confederation (CIP) suggested Alcochete as an alternative location (see Alcochete Airport). In Alcochete a military training facility currently occupies the site, but the military agreed to abandon the location provided it could transfer its facility to a different area. A second government-contracted study led by the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering (LNEC) concluded in late 2007 that Alcochete was the best location.
The selection of Alcochete was announced on 10 January 2008, more than 35 years after the first capacity increase studies were initiated. Portuguese prime minister José Sócrates announced that Alcochete was the preliminary choice, to be finalised after public consultation. The location of Alcochete as the construction site of the future Lisbon Airport was confirmed by the Portuguese Government on 8 May 2008.
In November 2006, the company operating the airport, ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal, announced an expansion plan for some airport structures, in order to respond to current passenger traffic growth trends and full capacity use of the airport, until the new airport is finished in 2017.
This plan involves the construction of Terminal 2 (concluded and operational since August 2007) and expansion of the current main terminal, with new boarding gates, new airbridges and new parking positions and a more efficient use of currently existing structures and a new underground (metro) station. The plan should be completed in 2010.
Currently, Terminal 2 is used for scheduled domestic flights (including Madeira and Azores), while the main building (now referred to as Terminal 1) handles all international flights – scheduled and chartered. In October 2010, the European low cost airline EasyJet officially announced that it will open a new hub at Lisbon Airport, exclusively using Terminal 2. Terminal 2 will be used a low-cost airline terminal, starting on March 20, 2012. At the same time TAP, SATA and Aero Vip will move and/or consolidate their operations to Terminal 1.
2007–2010 improvement and expansion plan
Between 2007 and 2010 several improvements and expansions have been planned. These included a new terminal 2 and lighting along with baggage claim refurbishment, all of which have been completed. Outstanding are the new cargo facilities, fuel storage, north pier and boarding lounge, north bus gate and baggage claim, enlargement of express cargo facilities, electrical refurbishments, expansion of south pier, departure lounge refurbishments and underground station and other terminal improvements. In July 2012 the Lisbon Airport metro station was opened, connecting the Airport and City Centre in less than 25 minutes.
Airlines and destinations
|Rank||Country||City||Passengers (2011)||Passengers (2010)||Change||Carriers|
|1||France||Paris (Charles de Gaulle, Orly)||1,195,903||1,133,487||5.5%||Aigle Azur, Air France, EasyJet, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|2||Spain||Madrid||1,175,171||1,170,306||0.4%||Air Europa, EasyJet, Iberia, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|3||United Kingdom||London (Gatwick, Heathrow, Luton)||1,081,704||1,024,500||5.6%||British Airways, EasyJet, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|4||Portugal||Funchal||811,589||856,753||6.3%||EasyJet, Portugália Airlines, SATA Internacional, TAP Portugal|
|5||Spain||Barcelona||628,137||507,936||23.7%||EasyJet, TAP Portugal, Vueling Airlines|
|6||Germany||Frankfurt (International)||550,175||508,728||8.1%||Lufthansa, TAP Portugal|
|7||Netherlands||Amsterdam||480,094||436,485||10.0%||KLM, TAP Portugal, Transavia|
|8||Italy||Rome (Fiumicino)||413,482||389,465||6.2%||EasyJet, TAP Portugal|
|9||Belgium||Brussels (International)||413,363||385,757||7.2%||Brussels Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|10||Portugal||Porto||410,007||438,980||6.6%||Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|11||Switzerland||Geneva||407,408||377,439||7.9%||EasyJet Switzerland, TAP Portugal|
|12||Italy||Milan (Linate, Malpensa)||379,142||372,421||1.8%||EasyJet, TAP Portugal|
|13||Germany||Munich||361.182||321,010||12.5%||Lufthansa, TAP Portugal|
|14||Angola||Luanda||353,906||345,806||2.3%||TAAG, TAP Portugal|
|15||Brazil||São Paulo (Guarulhos)||331,074||307,290||7.7%||TAP Portugal|
|16||Portugal||Ponta Delgada||317,411||338,558||6.2%||SATA Internacional, TAP Portugal|
|17||Switzerland||Zurich||308,377||279,779||10.1%||Swiss, TAP Portugal|
|18||Brazil||Rio de Janeiro (Galeão)||267,200||260,232||2.7%||TAP Portugal|
|19||United States||New York (Newark)||237,973||226,089||5.5%||Continental Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|20||Portugal||Faro||185,798||172,774||7.6%||Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal|
|21||Portugal||Terceira||173,062||174,388||0.8%||SATA Internacional, TAP Portugal|
TAP Portugal has a complex at Lisbon Airport. The complex is 22.45 hectares (55.5 acres) large. In 1989 TAP became the owner of the complex due to a governmental decree. TAP's head office is in Building 25. The TAP subsidiary Serviços Portugueses de Handling, S.A. (SPdH) has its head office on the 6th floor of Building 25. Sociedade de Gestão e Serviços, S.A. (TAPGER), another TAP subsidiary, has its head office on the 8th floor of the same building. The TAP Museum is also a part of the complex. Building 19 has the head office of Sociedade de Serviços e Engenharia Informática, S.A. (Megasis), a TAP information services subsidiary. The TAP documentation and archive is in the annex of Building 19. Building 34, on the far north side of the complex, houses the company's new data processing centre.
Accidents and incidents
- 22 February 1943: a Boeing 314 of Pan Am caught the left wing tip in the River Tagus whilst landing. Of the 39 people on board, 24 were killed.
- 1 February 1947: a Air France Douglas C-47 crashed into the Sintra Mountains killing 15 of 16 people on board.
- 12 April 1959: a Douglas C-47 of the Portuguese Air Force crashed into the Tagus after takeoff. All 11 people on board were killed.
- AIP Part 3 - AD 2 Aerodromes
- Guy Zunino (May 2001). "Lisbon Portela Airport". Airliner World: pp.36–40. ISSN 14656337.
- Aviation Week 28 January 1952 p68
- LNEC study favouring Alcochete as the location for Lisbon's new airport, in portuguese
- Alcochete airport announcement, in portuguese
- Portugal's new Lisbon airport to be built in Alcochete for 4.9 bln eur – PM from Forbes online, January 10, 2008
- Portal do Governo
- Voos da TAP, Sata e AeroVip voltam ao Terminal 1 do Aeroporto de Lisboa
- Aeroportos de Portugal
- Med Airlines
- Estatística De Tráfego Aéreo 2010
- "The TAP Museum." TAP Portugal. Retrieved on December 15, 2011. Portuguese version
- Gomes, Adelina and Inês Sequeira. Público. 19 December 2005. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "Área do aeroporto de Lisboa vale 965 milhões de euros." "Em 1989, a companhia aérea tornou-se titular dos terrenos onde tem as suas instalações, devido a um decreto-lei em que o Governo cavaquista desanexou os 22,45 hectares do chamado "reduto TAP" do domínio público aeroportuário."
- "Estatutos TAP." TAP Portugal. Retrieved on 23 February 2010. "A sede da sociedade é em Lisboa, no Edificio 25, no Aeroporto de Lisboa."
- "2009 Annual Report." TAP Portugal. 90. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "REGISTERED OFFICE Edifício 25-6°, Aeroporto de Lisboa 1704–801 Lisboa"
- "2009 Annual Report." TAP Portugal. 92. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "REGISTERED OFFICE Aeroporto de Lisboa Reduto TAP, Edifício 25 – 8° 1704–801 Lisboa"
- "Annual Report 2010." TAP Portugal. 92. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "Registered Office Aeroporto de Lisboa, Reduto TAP, Edifício 19"
- "Contactos." Megasis. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. 1, 2, 3.
- "Museum -> Schedule." TAP Portugal. Retrieved on 15 December 2011.
- "Viagem ao novo Centro de Processamento de dado." Jornal TAP, TAP Portugal. December 2009, No. 72. p. 6. Retrieved on December 15, 2011. "Edifício 34, no extremo norte do reduto TAP. Uma construção aparentemente banal, de paredes frágeis. É essa a visão com que se depara, do exterior, o visitante do novo Centro de Processamento de Dados da empresa, o CPD2."
- "Contacts." ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal. Retrieved on 9 September 2010.
- "Contact Information." Portugália. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "Aeroporto de Lisboa Rua C - Edifício 70 1749-078 Lisboa PORTUGAL" - See map
- "2009 Annual Report." TAP Portugal. 95. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "REGISTERED OFFICE Aeroporto de Lisboa Rua C, Edifício 59 1749–036 Lisboa"
- "2009 Annual Report." TAP Portugal. 96. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "Aeroporto de Lisboa Edifício 35 Apartado 8426 1804–001 Lisboa"
- Accident description Pan Am Boeing 314. Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description Air France Douglas C-47. Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description Portuguese Air Force Douglas C-47. Aviation Safety Network
- Aeroporto de Lisboa / Lisbon Airport (official site) (Portuguese) and (English)
- Current weather for LPPT at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for LIS at Aviation Safety Network
- Presentation of the Portela Airport expansion plan 2007–2017(Portuguese)