He was Joseph Stalin's personal physician. At the end of January 1953 Miron Vovsi was arrested within the frame of the so-named Doctors' Plot. Vovsi is the cousin of Solomon Mikhoels who was assassinated in 1948 at the orders of Stalin and Georgy Malenkov. Vovsi was released by Lavrentiy Beria after Stalin's death in 1953, as was his son-in-law, the composer Mieczyslaw Weinberg. In 1983, Mikhoel's daughter, Natalia Vovsi-Mikoels, wrote a biography of her father in Hebrew: My Father Shlomo Mikhoels: The Life and Death of a Jewish Actor.
- Jonathan Brent, Vladimir Naumov. Stalin's Last Crime: The Plot Against the Jewish Doctors, 1948-1953. Harper Perennial, 2004. pp. 211–233. ISBN 0-06-093310-0