Changanassery

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Changanacherry
Changanasserry
Municipal Town
Top left:Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple, Top right:Anchu Vilaku Lamps, Middle left:Saint Berchmans College, Middle right:Saint Mary's Metropolitan Cathedral, Bottom left:Vandipetta Boat Jetty, Bottom right:Main gate in Nair Service Society Headquarters
Changanacherry
Changanacherry
Changanacherry
Changanacherry
Coordinates: 9°28′00″N 76°33′00″E / 9.466667°N 76.55°E / 9.466667; 76.55Coordinates: 9°28′00″N 76°33′00″E / 9.466667°N 76.55°E / 9.466667; 76.55
Country India
State Kerala
District Kottayam
Government
 • Body Municipality
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 51,960
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 686101
Telephone code 0481
Vehicle registration KL 33
Waterways
Railway Station
Boat Jetty
Bus Station in Changanassery
Road network

Changanacherry is a municipality in Kottayam district in the state of Kerala, India.

Geography

Changanassery is located 18 km south of Kottayam on the Main Central road. With a population of about 50,000, its population was already 36,000 as early as the 1951 census. The town is situated near the tripoint of Kottayam, Alappuzha and Pathanamthitta districts.

History

The first recorded history on the origin of Changanacherry is obtained from the Sangam period literature. According to Sangam era documents, Uthiyan Cheralathan (Perum Chorru Udiyan Cheralathan, Athan I, or Udiyanjeral - AD c. 130) is the first recorded Kera (Chera) dynasty ruler of the Sangam period in ancient South India. [1][2] He had his capital at a place called "Kuzhumur" in Kuttanad and expanded the kingdom northward and eastward from his original homeland (meaning izham or illam in Tamil). His lifetime is broadly determined to be between first and third century AD. His queen was Veliyan Nalini, the daughter of Veliyan Venman. Present day Changanacherry and Kuttanad was the capital of the Kera (Chera) dynasty at that time until it was burnt down by Karikala Chola changing the name of Kuzhumur to Chutta-nadu (burnt-land) which became kuttanad. Similarly, "Keralathan" is the Malayalam pronunciation of Tamil "Cheralathan" and the world "Keralam" may be a derivative version of "Chera-izham" or "Kera-illam" meaning Chera-homeland in tamil). Keralathan's descendant was Senguttavan Cheran (Chenguttavan means "brave-hearted" in malayalam) the towns of Chenganacherri and Chengana is named after him). Sengana-cherri means Sengan's town in old tamil. After the chera dynasty defeat the word cherri took on the concurrent meaning of the land of the defeated and eventually was equated to mean a slum in Chola kingdom.

Governance

The city is governed by the Changanacherry Municipal Council. Sri. Sebastien Mathew is the chairperson of the municipality and the vice chairperson is Smt. Suma Shine.[3]

It heads the taluk kachery(office). It also heads the Munsiff's court and the Judicial First class magistrate's court.[4] Changanacherry assembly constituency was a part of Kottayam (Lok Sabha constituency).[5] However, after the Delimitation Commission's Report in 2005 in order to retain Mavelikkara Lok Sabha Constituency, Changanacherry segment in Kottayam and the neighbouring constituencies in Alappuzha and Kollam districts were put together under Mavelikkara constituency.Almost last 4 decades Sri.C.F Thomas represented Chanaganacherry constituency in Kerala Legislative Assembly.


Demographics

Syro-Malabar Catholic Archbishop's house

As of 2001 India census,[6] Changanacherry had a population of 51,960. Males constituted 48% of the population and females 52%. Changanacherry has an average literacy rate of 94%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 93.9% and female literacy of 94.1%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. A large percentage of population from Changanacherry resides abroad in the Gulf, Europe and America.

Transport

State run KSRTC run bus services to nearby towns. Changanacherry railway station serves this town.

Culture

Centres of Worship

The notable worship centres near to Changanacherry are Ettumanoor Temple, Manarkadu Church, Chakkulathukavu Temple, Mannarshala Temple, Neerettupuram, Chettikulangara Temple, Mavelikkara, Chengannur Mahadeva Temple and Anikkattilammakshethram Temple. The Syro-Malabar Catholic Archdiocese of Changanassery is the largest Catholic Diocese in India, established in 1887, Puthuppally St George Orthodox Church.

Notable Personalities

References

  1. ^ Singh 2008, p. 384.
  2. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 60–61. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4. 
  3. ^ "Changanacherry Municipality". 
  4. ^ "Courts in changanacherry". 
  5. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links

see Also