Jandiala Guru

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Jandiala Guru
ਜੰਡਿਅਲ਼ਾ ਗੁਰੂ
town
Nickname(s): City of Seven Gates
Jandiala Guru
Jandiala Guru
Jandiala Guru
Jandiala Guru
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 31°33′41″N 75°1′36″E / 31.56139°N 75.02667°E / 31.56139; 75.02667Coordinates: 31°33′41″N 75°1′36″E / 31.56139°N 75.02667°E / 31.56139; 75.02667
Country  India
State Punjab
Region Majha
District Amritsar
Talukas Amritsar
Population (2001)
 • Total 23,829[1]
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 143115
Nearest city Amritsar
Lok Sabha constituency Khadoor Sahib
Vidhan Sabha constituency Jandiala Guru
Website www.jandialaguru.com

Jandiala Guru or commonly known as Jandiala is a town in the Amritsar district of Majha region of Eastern Punjab (India). It is located on the Grand Trunk Road[2] and has an altitude of 229 m (754 ft).[3]

History

Jandiala Guru is named after Jand, the son of the founder.[4] The municipality was created in 1867 during the colonial period of British rule and formed part of Amritsar Tehsil. The town was situated on the route of the North-Western Railway. The population according to the 1901 census was 7,750, and the revenue of the town in 1903-4 was Rs. 8,400, mainly from octroi.

Previously, it was surrounded by a mud wall and had seven gates. Some of these gates, at least their ramparts are still intact.

At the turn of the 21st century the population was estimated at about 100,000. Large communities are Ghangas (Jatts), Jains (mainly jewelers, grain Merchants, and businessmen), Malhotras (Khatri), Kamboj & Thathiars (Steel Utencil makers), Harijans and Christians. Large concentration of these skillful artisans make Jandiala Guru the hub for jewelry and utencils for the surrounding areas.

Previously, it was surrounded by a mud wall and had seven gates. Some of these gates or their outside remains can still be seen.

The town has religious diversity. A number of popular and well visited religious places for Sikhs, Hindus, Jains and Muslims exist in and around the town. A historical Gurudwara of Baba Handal (Baba Handal Tap Asthan) is well known and well visited religious place. The traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru is included in the list of intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO.

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ "Jandiāla Gurū – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 55". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  3. ^ "Location of Jandiala Guru – Falling Rain Genomics". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  4. ^ "City of Seven Gates". Tribune India. Retrieved 2012-08-29.