In statistical analysis, Freedman's paradox, named after David Freedman, describes a problem in model selection whereby predictor variables with no explanatory power can appear artificially important. Freedman demonstrated (through simulation and asymptotic calculation) that this is a common occurrence when the number of variables is similar to the number of data points. Recently, new information-theoretic estimators have been developed in an attempt to reduce this problem, in addition to the accompanying issue of model selection bias, whereby estimators of predictor variables that have a weak relationship with the response variable are biased.
- Freedman, D. A. (1983) "A note on screening regression equations." The American Statistician, 37, 152–155.
- Lukacs, P. M., Burnham, K. P. & Anderson, D. R. (2010) "Model selection bias and Freedman's paradox." Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 62(1), 117–125 doi:10.1007/s10463-009-0234-4
- Burnham, K. P., & Anderson, D. R. (2002). Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: A Practical-Theoretic Approach, 2nd ed. Springer-Verlag.