SS Empire Austen

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SS Freecrest at Tilbury
History
Name:
  • Empire Austen (1942-49)
  • Frinton (1949-51)
  • Freecrest (1951-55)
  • Fairwater (1955-61)
  • APJ Usha (1961-62)
Owner:
  • Ministry of War Transport (1942-49)
  • Frinton Shipping (1949-51)
  • Crest Shipping (1951-55)
  • International Navigation Corporation, Liberia (1955-61)
  • Surrendra (Overseas) Private Ltd, Bombay (1961-62)
Operator:
  • Honeyman & Co (1942-46)
  • Counties Ship Management (1946-51)
  • Ivanovic & Co, London (1951-55)
  • Tidewater Commercial Co Inc, Baltimore (1955-61)
  • Surrendra (Overseas) Private Ltd, Bombay (1961-62)
Port of registry:
  • United Kingdom Greenock (1942-55)
  • Liberia Liberia (1955-59)
  • India Bombay (1959-62)
Builder: Lithgow's, Port Glasgow
Yard number: 969
Launched: 24 March 1942
Identification:
  • Official Number 168983 (1942-55)
  • Code Letters BDTF (1942-49)
Fate: Scrapped 1962
General characteristics
Tonnage:
Length: 432 ft 2 in (131.72 m)
Beam: 56 ft 2 in (17.12 m)
Depth: 34 ft 2 in (10.41 m)
Propulsion: 1 triple expansion steam engine (J G Kincaid, Greenock) 520 hp (390 kW)

Empire Austen was a 7,027 ton cargo ship which was built in 1942. She was renamed Frinton in 1949, Freecrest in 1951, Fairwater in 1955 and APJ Usha in 1961. She was scrapped in 1962.

History

Empire Austen was built by Lithgows Ltd, Port Glasgow as yard number 969. She was launched on 24 March 1942 and completed in May. [1] She was built for the Ministry of War Transport and placed under the management of Honeyman & Co.[2]

War service

Empire Austen was a member of a number of convoys during the Second World War.

KMS 22

Convoy KMS 22 departed Gibraltar on 9 August 1943 and arrived at Port Said on 20 August. Empire Austen was on a voyage from Malta to Alexandria[3]

MKS 27

Convoy MKS 27 departed Gibralta on 14 October 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 28 October. Empire Austen was carrying a cargo of cotton and military stores bound for Manchester.[4]

OS 60

Empire Austen was listed as a member of Convoy OS 60 which departed Liverpool on 23 November 1943 and arrived at Freetown, Sierra Leone on 18 December. She did not sail with the convoy.[5]

KMS 35

Convoy KMS 35 departed Gibraltar on 22 December 1943 and arrived at Port Said on 1 January 1944. Empire Austen was bound for Algiers.[6]

Postwar

In 1946, management of Empire Austen passed to Counties Ship Management (CSM).[2] In 1949 she was sold to Frinton Shipping Ltd and renamed Frinton, operating under CSM's management. Frinton was sold to Crest Shipping Co Ltd in 1951 and renamed Freecrest. She operated under the management of Ivanovich & Co Ltd, London. In 1955, Freecrest was sold to the International Navigation Corporation, Liberia and renamed Fairwater, operating under the management of Tidewater Commercial Co Inc, Baltimore. In 1961, Fairwater was sold to Surrendra (Overseas) Private Ltd, Bombay and renamed APD Usha. She was scrapped in Bombay in 1962.[1]

Official number and code letters

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers.

Empire Austen had the UK Official Number 168983 and used the Code Letters BDTF[7]

References

  1. ^ a b Mitchell, W H; Sawyer, L A (1990). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press. p. 88. ISBN 1-85044-275-4. 
  2. ^ a b "EMPIRE - A". Mariners-L. Retrieved 4 January 2009. 
  3. ^ "CONVOY KMS 22". Warsailors. Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  4. ^ "CONVOY MKS 27". Warsailors. Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  5. ^ "Convoy OS.60/KMS.34". Convoyweb. Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  6. ^ "Convoy KMS.35". Convoyweb. Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  7. ^ "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 21 January 2008. 

External links

  • Account of damage to Freecrest in a hurricane in 1951.