Freeby

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Freeby

St Mary's parish church
Freeby
Freeby
Freeby shown within Leicestershire
Population 244 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SK804201
Civil parish
  • Freeby
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Melton Mowbray
Postcode district LE14
Dialling code 01664
Police Leicestershire
Fire Leicestershire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
Website Freeby Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Leicestershire
52°46′22″N 0°48′36″W / 52.7727°N 0.8099°W / 52.7727; -0.8099Coordinates: 52°46′22″N 0°48′36″W / 52.7727°N 0.8099°W / 52.7727; -0.8099

Freeby is a village and civil parish in the Melton district of Leicestershire, England, about 3 miles (5 km) east of Melton Mowbray. As well as the village of Freeby the civil parish includes the villages of Brentingby, Saxby, Stapleford and Wyfordby. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 244.[1]

Isaac Watts preached at the Congregational chapel, which became in United Reformed Church the early 1970s.

History

The village was once a part of Melton Mowbray parish. At the time of Edward the Confessor it was known as "Fretheby" and "Fredebi".[2] It was referred to as "Frieby" as late as 1816.[3] All the properties, except the United Reformed Church, still belong to the Freeby estate.

The estate was granted as a manor to Hugh Despencer in the 13th century and is still a manor estate. The estate later passed to Lord de Ros, presumably at the demise of the Despensers. (Hugh the elder was hanged in Bristol in 1326 for his aid to Edward II who had fled the invasion of Isabella and Mortimer: Hugh Despenser the Younger was, after trial, hung, drawn and quartered later the same year). In 1568 the lord of the manor of Freeby was Edward, 3rd Earl of Rutland. 30 years later the manor passed to Thomas Hartopp of that ancient family of Leicestershire. Sir John Hartopp, 3rd Baronet (1658) became MP for Leicestershire (1678–81), employed the non-conformist Isaac Watts and left an endowment for the education of dissenting ministers.[4]

The estate was sold by Sir JW Cradock Hartopp, Bart, to Mr Daniel Thwaites (of the Lancashire Thwaites brewery) upon whose death in 1888 it passed to his only daughter, Elma Amy, the wife of Robert Yerburgh, M.P.[3][5] The estate was part of many others owned by Mrs Yerburgh and under management of the Woodfold Estates Company Management. Mrs. Yerburgh died in 1946[6] and from 1955 the estates and brewery were managed separately from adjacent offices at Eanam, Blackburn.[7]

Today

Laburnum Cottage

The buildings in the village show some similarity of age and building style commensurate with estate management. This can be seen in window frames and doors, the use of ironstone and brick building materials with limestone decoration. At the T junction to the west of the village, set upon a bank, is a terrace of six houses called Sykes Row. The red brick and tiled roof construction with decorative window arches are striking. Ivy House Farm, the Old Barn and Woodbine Cottage are opposite and as the road dips down into the village the church can be glimpsed behind the mature trees that border its north and west walls. As the visitor proceeds along the road such cottages as Primrose, Highfield and Laburnum Cottage grace the sides with their unspoilt red brick and tile construction and well kept gardens. Further along Manor Farm and Glen Farm, working farms, display wonderful building features such as working sash windows. The Manor Farmhouse is Grade II listed. Since 1994 Freeby has been under the protection of the Freeby Conservation Area which covers 3.38 hectares sand was designated by Melton Borough Council. The settlement is relatively unspoilt as an agricultural village, certainly worthy of preservation and its buildings and rural nature are a credit to English heritage. Most of the village, other than some farm buildings, are encompassed in the conservation area.

A crack in the north aisle of St Mary's parish church

Parish church

The oldest parts of the Church of England parish church of St Mary are 14th century. The building is mostly in an Early English style. The parish register starts around 1604 but is fragmented until the beginning of the 19th century. Like so many medieval churches it has been repaired and altered many times, the last thorough restoration around 1894. As with many churches in this area it is built of ironstone and limestone ashlar. The aisles were added some time later and the limestone tower was built in the 16th century. Ornamental medieval corbels adorn each south window and the church has a north door.

The church is on a prominence on the north side of the road through the village and that is apparently its downfall. That hill is not solid rock and, according to a BBC video is sand which has resulted to constant repairs throughout the last 700 years as the church settles.

The church would seat 200 but it has been closed for some time because of its small congregation and its state of repair. English Heritage, after a survey of churches say, "The church serves a small community, who have maintained it extremely well over the years, but some of the stonework needs urgent repairs. English Heritage and the Heritage Lottery Fund is providing a scheme of repair grants to places of worship like St Mary's.” The church has been found unsafe and closed.[8] Photographs in the gallery show the extent of the damage to some extent but the author has no access to the interior.

There is a preservation order, granted on 24 August 1999 by Melton Borough Council, on a dozen trees on the north side of the churchyard.

Freeby URC chapel

At present the villagers worship in the chapel, which is a small building a short walk across the road from St Mary's. The chapel was built before 1881. It has a double-arched window and a porch.

St Peter's parish church, Saxby

Saxby

Saxby is a small village in the parish of Freeby. Saxby is one of the Thankful Villages – only 52 of which are known. These villages and parishes sent men to fight in the Great War, 1914-1918, and all of them came back alive.

Notable residents

In 1696 the non-conformist cleric and hymn-writer Isaac Watts (1674–1748) was appointed minister to the Hartopp family of Stoke Newington and Freeby. He preached at the Congregational chapel in the village until 1699.[9]

References

  1. ^ "Area: Freeby (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Freeby CA Appraisal". Borough of Melton. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Denis Larionov & Alexander Zhulin. "Read the ebook An inventory of the church plate of Leicestershire, with some account of the donors (Volume 1) by Andrew David Hedderwick Trollope". Ebooksread.com. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Surname Database: Hartopp Last Name Origin". Surnamedb.com. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  5. ^ "Full text of "Some notes on our family history"". Archive.org. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  6. ^ "Elma Amy Thwaites". The Peerage.com. 15 July 2003. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  7. ^ "Access to Archives". The National Archives. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  8. ^ "Freeby church needs urgent repair". BBC News. 5 July 2010. 
  9. ^ Protestant Issues[dead link]

Bibliography

External links