Danish slave trade

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Danish slave trade occurred separately in two different periods. During the Viking Age, thralls (Norse slaves) were an important part of the economy and one of the main reasons for the raids on England where slaves were captured. This practice was abolished once Denmark became Christian. Trading black slaves was part of the transatlantic slave trade by Denmark-Norway around 1671, when the Danish West India Company was chartered, to 1802, when the Dano-Norwegian regent Prince Frederik carried out a ban on the country's participation in the trade.[1] As of 1778, it was estimated that the Dano-Norwegians shipped about 3,000 Africans to the Danish West Indies annually to be sold as slaves.[2] The country's ships transported approximately 100,000 enslaved Africans, about 2% of the total number in the early 19th century.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b Gøbel, Erik. "Danish Shipping along the Triangular Route, 1671–1802". Scandinavian Journal of History, Vol. 36, No. 2 (2011).
  2. ^ Kitchin, Thomas (1778). The Present State of the West-Indies: Containing an Accurate Description of What Parts Are Possessed by the Several Powers in Europe. London: R. Baldwin. p. 21. 

Further reading

  • Jensen, Niklas Thode; Simonsen, Gunvor. "Introduction: The historiography of slavery in the Danish-Norwegian West Indies, c. 1950-2016." Scandinavian Journal of History Sep-Dec2016, Vol. 41 Issue 4/5, p475-494.