|English: The Reapers|
National anthem of
|Lyrics||Emili Guanyavents, 1899|
|Music||Francesc Alió, 1892|
Though the original song dates in the oral tradition to 1640, its modern lyrics were written by Emili Guanyavents, who won a controversial competition in 1899. The music was standardized by Francesc Alió in 1892. The song is based on the events of 1640 known as Corpus de Sang during the war of 30 years (1618-1648) Between Spain, England, France and Austria, the event that started the Catalan Revolt or Guerra dels Segadors (Reapers' War) where Catalans fought against the Count-Duke of Olivares, the chief minister of King Philip IV of Spain.
The Catalan government adopted "Els Segadors" as the national anthem of Catalonia in 1993.
- Generalitat de Catalunya: National Symbols
- "These people" the oppressors of the Catalan people, who back in that time invaded Catalonia
- the Segadors Revolt which the song references took place in June.
- The verb in the Catalan original—seguem—is from the same root as segadors; that is, they will cut the chains as they cut the crops.
- Generalitat de Catalunya: National Symbols (official page in English, with official version recordings in mp3 formats)
- History of the anthem