Yungas Road

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This article is about the road in Bolivia. For other notably dangerous roads, see Slaughter alley.
Yungas Road at San Pedro waterfall

The North Yungas Road (alternatively known as Grove's Road, Coroico Road, Camino de las Yungas, Road of fate or Death Road) is a 61-or-69-kilometre (38 or 43 mi) road[1] leading from La Paz to Coroico, 56 kilometres (35 mi) northeast of La Paz in the Yungas region of Bolivia. It is legendary for its extreme danger and in 1995 the Inter-American Development Bank christened it as the "world's most dangerous road".[2][3][4] In 2006 one estimate stated that 200 to 300 travellers were killed yearly along the road.[4] The road includes cross markings on many of the spots where vehicles have fallen.[citation needed]

A South Yungas Road (Chulumani Road) exists that connects La Paz to Chulumani, 64 kilometres (40 mi) east of La Paz, and is considered to be nearly as dangerous as the North Road.[5]

Photographs of China's Guoliang Tunnel are often incorrectly identified as showing the Yungas Road.[6]

Route description

The Yungas Road, as it descends into the rainforest

This is one of the few routes that connects the Amazon rainforest region of northern Bolivia, or Yungas, to its capital city. Upon leaving La Paz, the road first ascends to around 4,650 metres (15,260 ft) at La Cumbre Pass, before descending to 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) at the town of Coroico, transiting quickly from cool Altiplano terrain to rainforest as it winds through very steep hillsides and atop cliffs.

The largely single-lane road has no guard rails and cliffs of up to 600 meters (2,000 feet). Most of the road is the width of a single vehicle, about 3.2 metres (10 ft). During the rainy season from November through March, rain and fog can severely hamper visibility, and water runoff can turn the road into a muddy track, affecting traction. In the summer, rockfalls are common and vehicle dust limits visibility as well.[7]

One of the local road rules specifies that the downhill driver never has the right of way and must move to the outer edge of the road. This forces the faster downhill vehicle to stop so that passing can be negotiated safely. Unlike the rest of Bolivia, vehicles are required to drive on the left side of the road, to give the driver a better view of the vehicle's outside wheel and making passing safer.

Attraction

The danger of the road made it a popular tourist destination starting in the 1990s, drawing some 25,000 thrillseekers.[8] Mountain biking enthusiasts in particular have made it a favourite destination for downhill biking since there is a 64-kilometre (40 mi) stretch of continuous downhill riding with only one short uphill section. There are now many tour operators catering to this activity, providing information, guides, transport, and equipment.[7]

Nevertheless, the Yungas Road remains dangerous. At least 18 cyclists have died on the ride since 1998.[9]

It was featured on the BBC show, Top Gear: Bolivia Special (Episode 6 of Top Gear series 14) where the hosts travelled 1,610 kilometres (1,000 mi) from the Bolivian rainforest to the Pacific Ocean.[10][11][12] The danger of the road was readily apparent when the road began to crumble under the wheels of Jeremy Clarkson's Range Rover, as he was forced to the edge while passing another vehicle.[13]

A Mitsubishi Outlander TV commercial was the first ever filmed on the road.[14]

The second season of IRT: Deadliest Roads, a spin-off of the History Channel series Ice Road Truckers, follows six North American drivers as they haul cargo along the road.

The road also featured on the BBC show World's Most Dangerous Roads in series three, episode three. The episode starred Phill Jupitus and Marcus Brigstocke and first aired Wednesday 9 January 2013 on BBC HD.[15]

History

The new Yungas Road, as seen from Coroico

The road was built in the 1930s during the Chaco War by Paraguayan prisoners.

The Yungas Road was modernized during a 20-year period ending in 2006. The modernization included enlarging the carriageway from one to two lanes, constructing asphalt pavement, and building a new section between Chusquipata and Yolosa, bypassing to the north one of the most dangerous sections of the old 'Death Road'.

This new route features modern construction (bridges, drainage, etc.), multiple lanes, pavement, guardrails, and many other elements that make it considerably safer than the original route. The original North Yungas Road is currently much less used by traffic, although an increasing number of adventure travelers bike it for the thrills.

See also

References

  1. ^ Length varies, depending on source
  2. ^ Chang, Richard S. (8 February 2010). "The Most Dangerous Road?". Wheels.blogs.nytimes.com. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "The Most Dangerous Roads in the World". Darkroastedblend.com. 11 November 2006. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Whitaker, Mark (11 November 2006). "The world's most dangerous road" (Podcast). BBC. Retrieved 10 May 2007. 
  5. ^ "Driving Bolivia's Road of Death". Lonely Planet. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  6. ^ The Guoliang Tunnel in China, often mistaken as a section of the Yungas Road
  7. ^ a b Branswell, Jack (29 March 2008), "Madness, but a thrill", Ottawa Citizen, retrieved 23 November 2011 
  8. ^ Mostrous, Alexi (25 April 2008). "British cyclist Tom Austin killed on Bolivian 'Highway of Death'". The Times (London). Retrieved 25 April 2008. 
  9. ^ Geoghegan, Tom (16 May 2010). "Cycling the world's most dangerous road". BBC News Online. Retrieved 16 May 2010. 
  10. ^ TopGear BOLIVIA SEASON: 14 EPISODE: 6. BBCAmerica.
  11. ^ Top Gear, Bolivia Special. BBC
  12. ^ Road of Death – Yungas, Bolivia
  13. ^ Top Gear: Bolivia's Death Road BBC. A 7+ minute YouTube clip shows part of the show including the road beginning to crumble at the 7:00 min mark.
  14. ^ Tone, Debra (24 May 2011). "Mitsubishi Outlander Conquers Infamous ‘Road of Death’". Send2press Newswire. Retrieved 9 August 2011. 
  15. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01pw3yx

External links

Coordinates: 16°20′09.26″S 68°02′25.78″W / 16.3359056°S 68.0404944°W / -16.3359056; -68.0404944