Batangas City

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This article is about the city. For the province, see Batangas.
Batangas City
Component City
View of Poblacion, Batangas City
View of Poblacion, Batangas City
Official seal of Batangas City
Seal
Nickname(s): "Industrial Port of Calabarzon"; Eco Tourist City of the Past, Present and Future
Motto: Eto Batangueño Disiplinado
Map of Batangas showing the location of Batangas City
Map of Batangas showing the location of Batangas City
Batangas City is located in Philippines
Batangas City
Batangas City
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°45′N 121°03′E / 13.750°N 121.050°E / 13.750; 121.050Coordinates: 13°45′N 121°03′E / 13.750°N 121.050°E / 13.750; 121.050
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
Congr. District 2nd of Batangas
Founded 1581
Cityhood July 23, 1969
Barangays 105
Government[1]
 • Mayor Eduardo B. Dimacuha(NPC)
 • Vice Mayor Emilio Francisco A. Berberabe Jr. (UNA)
 • Councilors
 • ABC President Angelito A. Dimacuha
Area[2]
 • Total 282.96 km2 (109.25 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 305,607
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Demonym Batangueño (male)
Batangueña (female)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4200
Dialing code 43
Income Class First
Feast January 16
Website www.batangascity.gov.ph

Batangas City (Filipino: Lungsod ng Batangas), is the largest and capital city of the Province of Batangas, Philippines. Known as the "Industrial Port City of Calabarzon", Batangas City is currently classified as one of the fastest urbanizing cities of the Philippines. According to the 2010 census, the city has a population of 305,607 people.[3]

Barangays

Batangas City is politically subdivided into 105 barangays.[4] Pagkilatan was formerly a sitio of Matoco.[5] Malalim was formerly the "southern portion of the barrio of Sirang Lupa, the northern portion of the barrio Mahabang Dahilig, and the eastern portion of San Isidro" "together with the sitio of Malalim"; this territory became a barrio (barangay) in 1954.[6] In the same year, sitio Malitam, formerly part of barrio Libjo, was elevated as a barrio.[7] San Antonio was constituted from the sitios of Ilaya, Labac, Matalisay, Pajo and Cacawan, from the barrio of San Agapito.[8] In 1957, the barrio of Talumpok was divided into two. Sitios Romano, Poyesan, Bondeo and Latag were constituted into Talumpok Silangan, while sitios Ginto, Duhatan, Kulingkang, Piit and Cuaba were constituted into Talumpok Kanluran.[9]

Balagtas was formerly known as Patay, Kumintang Ilaya as Sambat Ilaya, and Kuming Ibaba as Sambat Ibaba.[10]

  • Barangay 1
  • Barangay 2
  • Barangay 3
  • Barangay 4
  • Barangay 5
  • Barangay 6
  • Barangay 7
  • Barangay 8
  • Barangay 9
  • Barangay 10
  • Barangay 11
  • Barangay 12
  • Barangay 13
  • Barangay 14
  • Barangay 15
  • Barangay 16
  • Barangay 17
  • Barangay 18
  • Barangay 19
  • Barangay 20
  • Barangay 21
  • Barangay 22
  • Barangay 23
  • Barangay 24
  • Alangilan
  • Balagtas
  • Balete
  • Banaba Center
  • Banaba West
  • Banaba East
  • Banaba South
  • Bilogo
  • Bolbok
  • Bucal
  • Calicanto
  • Catandala
  • Concepcion
  • Conde Itaas
  • Conde Labac
  • Cumba
  • Cuta
  • Dalig
  • Dela Paz West
  • Dela Paz Pulot Aplaya
  • Dela Paz Pulot Itaas
  • Dumuclay
  • Dumantay
  • Gulod Itaas
  • Gulod Labac
  • Haligue West
  • Haligue East
  • Ilijan
  • Kumintang Ibaba
  • Kumintang Ilaya
  • Libjo
  • Liponpon, Verde Island
  • Maapaz
  • Mahabang Dahilig
  • Mahabang Parang
  • Mahacot East
  • Mahacot West
  • Malalim
  • Malibayo
  • Malitam
  • Maruclap
  • Mabacong
  • Pagkilatan
  • Paharang West
  • Paharang East
  • Pallocan West
  • Pallocan East
  • Pinamucan Ibaba
  • Pinamucan West
  • Pinamucan East
  • Sampaga
  • San Agapito, Verde Island
  • San Agustin West, Verde Island
  • San Agustin East, Verde Island
  • San Andres, Verde Island
  • San Antonio, Verde Island
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose Sico
  • San Miguel
  • San Pascual
  • San Pedro
  • Santa Clara
  • Santa Rita Aplaya
  • Santa Rita Karsada
  • Santo Domingo
  • Santo Niño
  • Simlong
  • Sirang Lupa
  • Sorosoro Ibaba
  • Sorosoro Ilaya
  • Sorosoro Karsada
  • Tabangao Aplaya
  • Tabangao Ambulong
  • Tabangao Dao
  • Talahib Pandayan
  • Talahib Payapa
  • Talumpok Kanluran
  • Talumpok Silangan
  • Tingga Itaas
  • Tingga Labac
  • Tulo
  • Wawa

History

Foreign Rule

The first Spanish missionaries arrived in Batangas City since 1572 due to group migration. Finally, in 1581, Spanish authorities governing the Philippines created a pueblo in the area which included the hill (now Hilltop) where the present Provincial Capitol of Batangas stands after the formal end of the Coumintang Kingdom. The town was named "Batangan" because huge logs, locally called "batang", abounded in the place. The Spanish government appointed Don Agustin Casilao as Batangan's first gobernadorcillo. Said title of "little governor" as head of the pueblo or municipio was replaced in 1894 by "capital municipal." It is not clear who succeeded Casilao nor is it known whether there were subsequent appointments of capital municipal. Don Agustin Casilao is sometimes referred to as Agustino or Augustino in some sources. By 1870, its barangays were Balagtas, Bilogo, Bolbok, Bukal, Catandala, Konde, De La Paz, Kumintang Ibaba, Matuko, Mapagong, Paharang Kanluran, Pairang, Pinamucan, Patulo, Sampaga, San Agapito, San Isidro ang Talahib.[11][12]

At the coming of the Americans in early 1900s, local civil government of Batangas was set up. It took effect on July 4, 1901 with Jose Villanueva elected as "Municipal President." His term expired in 1903.[11]

Subsequent elections installed the following as municipal presidents: Juan Palacios, 1904–1905; Jose Arguelles, 1906; Marcelo Llana, 1907; Sisenando Ferriols, 1908–1909; Ventura Tolentino, 1910–1914; Julian Rosales, 1915; Juan Gutierrez, 1916–1919; Julian Rosales, 1920–1922; Juan Buenafe, 1923–1930; Perfecto Condez, 1931–1937; Juan Buenafe, 1938-1940. In 1941 the title "Municipal President" was changed to "Municipal Mayor." Pedro Berberabe was elected first municipal mayor.[11]

Batangas City was severely damaged due to the Japanese A6M Zero bombardment and on December 12, 1941, the Batangas Airport which is located in Brgy. Alangilan is totally destroyed. On October 14, 1943, municipal councilor Roman L. Perez was appointed Mayor by the Japanese after the inauguration of the Second Republic of the Philippines. Liberation begun when 158th Regimental Combat Team (or 158th RCT) under the command of the US 6th Army reached Poblacion, Batangas City by March 11 during the Philippines Liberation Campaign of 1944–45. By the end of April the same that year, some elements of the 188th Glider Infantry Regiment of the 11th Airborne Division was left to clear the barangays east and mountains south of the city as the main Allied Force continued their drive towards the Quezon Province. Some of hundreds thousands local Filipino soldiers and officers of the 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was entering and re-invaded in Batangas City. Throughout the battle, recognized Filipino Guerrilla fighters played an important key role in the advancement of the combined American and Philippine Commonwealth troops, providing key roads and information for the Japanese location of defenses and movements. Hostilities ended as the war came closer to the end.[13][14][14]

Independence and onwards

After the Liberation, Pres. Manuel Roxas issued his reappointment. Mayor Perez ran and won in 1944, the first post-War elections in the country. In November 1949 he was killed by an unknown assassin. Vice Mayor Atilano Magadia succeeded the late Mayor Perez. He served until 1951. Mayor Macario Chavez was elected in 1951. His four-year term ended in 1955.[11]

People voted Pedro S. Tolentino overwhelmingly as mayor in 1956. He was reelected three times. It was during his fourth term (mid 1969) that Congress approved the Charter, a milestone event which made him the first city mayor of Batangas.[11]

Other succeeding mayors followed are Mayor Macario M. Mendoza, 1974–1979; Alfredo M. Borbon, 1979–1980, Conrado C. Berberabe, 1980–1986; Jose M. Atienza, 1986–1987; Mario M. Perez, 1987, Eduardo B. Dimacuha, 1988–1998, Angelito D. Dimacuha, 1998–2001 and again Eduardo B. Dimacuha, 2001–2010, Vilma A. Dimacuha, 2010-2013 and again Eduardo B. Dimacuha, 2013–present .[15]

Meanwhile, on January 19, 2008, Pres. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo opened Phase II project of the Batangas City International Container Port (with turn-over to the Philippine Ports Authority). She also inspected a major road project in Southern Tagalog. She then inspected the P1.5-billion Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR), Stage II-Phase 1 connecting Lipa (19.74 kilometers and Batangas and the South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) road widening, expansion and the STAR toll way development projects in Batangas.[16]

Demographics

Population census of Batangas City
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 184,970 —    
1995 211,879 +2.75%
2000 247,588 +3.16%
2007 295,231 +2.55%
2010 305,607 +1.16%

Economy

The City of Batangas gears up activities on trade, finance, education and medical services for most part of the province . As a center for trade and commerce, it hosts one of the largest oil refineries in the country, Pilipinas Shell, and three natural gas power plants, namely, Keilco, First Gas and Malampaya On-Shore Gas Plant. Other major industries include: San Miguel Food Corporation, JG Summit Petrochemical Corp., Universal Robina Corp., Himmel Industries Inc., Chemphil Bulk Terminal, San Lorenzo Power Plant and First Philippine Industrial Corp. It is the center for education, with three of the largest universities in the province and recently, more International Schools have chosen the City as their campus sites.

The City draws thousands of transient and migratory workers, with 58 banking and other financial institutions, 5 major hospitals and 3 major hotels and various government agencies.

Education

  • Batangas State University (Pambansang Pamantasan ng Batangas), formerly Pablo Borbon Memorial Institute of Technology, is a state university that has ten campuses in the Province of Batangas. Centered in the capital of the province, the university was ranked 64th among the best performing colleges and universities of the Philippines and was named as the leading mechanical engineering school prior to the Professional Regulation Commission Licensure Examination last March 2013.
  • Lyceum of the Philippines University–Batangas (formerly Lyceum of Batangas), is an institute of higher education in Capitol Site, Batangas City. It was founded by Dr. Sotero H. Laurel in 1966 using the education philosophy of his father, former President José P. Laurel. Its flagship courses were Nursing, Medical Technology, Marine Engineering, and Customs Administration. Now, Lyceum of the Philippines University has 42 degree and non-degree programs. The school employs over 500 teaching and non-teaching personnel to cater to the needs of its 10,000 students, the biggest amongst all Lyceum campuses.
  • University of Batangas, the former Western Philippine College, is a private university and has the distinction of being the first university in the City of Batangas. Established in 1946, the university offers pre-elementary, elementary, high school, undergraduate, graduate studies and law. It has five campuses throughout the province and is ISO certified by AJA. It has been awarded by PACUCOA as having the 3rd most number of accredited programs in the country. The University of Batangas is recognized by CHED as a Center of Excellence in Teacher Education and as a Center of Development in Business Administration. It has also been recognized by PRC as a consistent top performer in engineering education nationwide. UB remains as a partner of DepEd in the training for K12 Teachers in the province of Batangas.
  • Stonyhurst Southville International School is the only international school in Batangas under a legislation signed by the President of the Philippines, accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges in the US, and ISO 9001:2008 certified. Its main campus is located at Gulod Itaas, Batangas City; its new campus is at Malarayat Campus, Lipa City. SSIS offers pre-school, grade school and high school education. One of its distinctive features is the offering of foreign language for grade school and high school and business subjects in high school.
  • St. Bridget College is a private Catholic education institution located in M.H. del Pilar Street. St. Bridget College offers pre-elementary,grade school, high school and college. It is the first Catholic school in the province of Batangas and in the Archdiocese of Lipa.
  • Westmead International School is a multilevel school located in Brgy. Gulod Labac, Batangas City that offers primary and secondary educations, college undergraduate degrees and as well as technical-vocational courses
  • The Colegio ng Lungsod ng Batangas traces its beginning when Mayor Eduardo B. Dimacuha issued executive order No. 26 dated August 20, 2005 creating the Committee for the establishment of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Batangas that will “provide quality but affordable education nore particularly to our talented but poor student populace." Another Ordinance No.1 s. 2006 dated February 20, 2006 was passed changing the name Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Batangas to Colegio ng Lungsod ng Batangas.
  • Divine Child Academy
  • Golden Gate Colleges
  • Sunhill International Colleges
  • STI College - Batangas
  • AMA Computer College - Batangas
  • Global-ICT Institute of Technology
  • TESDA Regional Training Center
  • ABCC Philippines - Batangas City
  • AMA CLC - Batangas City
  • Athena School for Technical & Vocational Advancement, Inc
  • Cristo Rey Institute For Career Development
  • Filipino Academy of Scientific Trades
  • Pilipinas Shell Foundation, Inc
  • Batangas Association for Guaranted Metalcraft & Engineer Technology
  • Saint Therese of the Child Jesus Multiple Intelligence School
  • McKinley Hill School and Leadership Academy For Children,Inc.
  • Holy Child School is a private school located in Rizal Avenue Batangas city. Holy Child School is one of the major schools in Batangas City

Government offices

Batangas Provincial Capitol.
  • Bureau of Customs - Port of Batangas
  • Bureau of Immigration - Batangas City
  • Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) - Batangas City, Batangas
  • Commission on Elections (COMELEC) - Provincial Office (Batangas)
  • Department of Education - Divisional Offices (Batangas City)
  • Department of Education - Divisional Offices (Batangas Province)
  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) - CENRO (Batangas)
  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) - PENRO (Batangas)
  • Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) - Region IV
  • Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) - Batangas
  • Land Transportation Office (LTO) - Batangas District Office
  • Land Transportation Office (LTO) - Batangas Licensing Center
  • National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) - Calabarzon Regional Office
  • National Statistics Office - Batangas
  • National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) - Region IV
  • Pag-Ibig Fund - Batangas Branch
  • Philhealth - Regional Office IV-B(MIMAROPA)
  • Philhealth - Batangas Branch
  • Philippine Social Security System (SSS) - Batangas City, Batangas
  • Philippine Veterans Affairs Office - Batangas
  • Public Employment Service Office (PESO)
  • Public Employment Service Office (PESO) - Batangas
  • Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) - Batangas Provincial Office

Media

Television

FM Radio stations

Based in Batangas City

Based in Metro Manila

AM Radio stations

Major AM radio stations are based in Metro Manila and also by Bombo Radyo Iloilo.

Batangas News Programs

Newspaper

Based in Batangas City

  • Sun.Star People's Courier since 1963
  • Pahayagang BALIKAS

Sister cities

The following are Batangas City's sister cities:

Images

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved {{subst:date}}. 
  2. ^ "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Local Government of Batangas City 1999, pp. 13, 14
  5. ^ "An Act Creating the Barrio of Pagkilatan in the Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  6. ^ "An Act to Convert the Sitio of Malalim in the Barrio of Mahabang Dahilig, Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas, into a Barrio". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  7. ^ "An Act to Convert the Sitio of Malitam, in the Barrio of Libjo, Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas, into a Barrio". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  8. ^ "An Act to Convert the Sitios of Ilaya Labac, Matalisay, Pajo and Cacawan in Isla Verde, in the Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas, to a Barrio to Be Known As Barrio San Antonio of the Same Municipality". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  9. ^ "An Act Dividing the Barrio of Talumpoc, Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas, into Two Barrios to Be Known As the Barrios of Talumpok Silangan and Talumpok Kanluran of Said Municipality". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  10. ^ "An Act Changing the Names of Certain Barrios in the Municipality of Batangas, Province of Batangas". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Local Government of Batangas City 1999, pp. 8
  12. ^ City Investment & Tourism Office 2006
  13. ^ "Official Website: Historical Background". Archived from the original on 26 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  14. ^ a b "Ibiblio.org: Triumph in the Philippines, Chapter XXIII Securing the Visayan Passages, Southern Luzon". Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  15. ^ Local Government of Batangas City 1999, pp. 7, 8
  16. ^ "ABS-CBN News.com: President Arroyo inaugurates Batangas Port project". Retrieved 2010-07-09. [dead link]

References

  • City Investment & Tourism Office (2006), Parine na't Magsaya sa Lungsod ng Batangas (pamphlet), Batangas City, Philippines 
  • Local Government of Batangas City (July 23, 1999), Batangas City Profile 1 (1), Batangas City, Philippines, pp. 7, 8, 13, 14 

External links