Basque parliamentary election, 2001
All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Basque Parliament
The 2001 Basque parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 13 May 2001, to elect the 7th Basque Parliament, the regional legislature of the Spanish autonomous community of the Basque Country. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election.
The electoral coalition Basque Nationalist Party–Basque Solidarity (PNV–EA) won 33 seats, the People's Party (PP) came second with 19 seats, the Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE) came in third with 13 seats. The Basque Citizens (EH) coalition obtained 7 seats.
The Basque Parliament was elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Under the regional Statute of Autonomy, all three Basque historical territories—the provinces—were to constitute multi-member districts, being assigned an equal number of seats each. The electoral law set this to a fixed-number of 25, for a total of 75 seats. A 2000 reform of the electoral law lowered the election threshold from 5% to 3% of valid votes—which included blank ballots—per constituency, with parties not reaching the threshold not taken into consideration for seat distribution.
Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all residents over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Concurrently, residents meeting the previous criteria and not involved in any cause of ineligibility were eligible for the Parliament. Groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered electors in a particular district in order to be able to field candidates.
The Lehendakari had the ability to dissolve the chamber at any given time and call a snap election; otherwise, elected deputies served for four year terms, starting from election day. Additionally, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved in the event that no Lehendakari was elected within a 60 day-period from the chamber's first convening, triggering a snap election likewise.
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.
|13 May 2001||Regional Election||42.4||22.9||10.0||17.8||w.PNV||5.5||w.PP||1.4||19.5|
|27 Apr–3 May||Sigma-2||38.2||24.7||11.5||19.0||w.PNV||4.4||w.PP||2.2||13.5|
|31 Jan–18 Feb||CIS||31.3||21.6||14.4||18.4||7.0||4.5||0.7||2.1||9.7|
|27 Nov–15 Dec||GPS||29.4||21.7||14.6||19.2||7.6||4.9||0.3||2.3||7.7|
|25 Oct 1998||Regional Election||27.6||19.9||17.7||17.4||8.6||5.6||1.2||2.0||7.7|
Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 38 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Basque Parliament.
|13 May 2001||Regional Election||33||19||7||13||w.PNV||3||w.PP||0|
|27 Apr–3 May||Sigma-2||27−30||20−23||7−8||14−16||w.PNV||1−3||w.PP||0|
|31 Jan–18 Feb||CIS||22−24||18−20||10−11||14−15||5||2−3||1||0|
|27 Nov–15 Dec||GPS||21−23||18−20||10−11||16||5||3||0||0|
|25 Oct 1998||Regional Election||21||16||14||14||6||2||2||0|
|Basque Nationalist Party–Basque Solidarity (PNV–EA)1||604,222||42.38||+6.19||33||+6|
|People's Party (PP)2||326,933||22.93||+1.84||19||+1|
|Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE))||253,195||17.76||+0.41||13||–1|
|Basque Citizens (EH)||143,139||10.04||–7.62||7||–7|
|United Left (EB–IU)||78,862||5.53||–0.07||3||+1|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||7,918||0.56||—||0||±0|
|Humanist Party (PH)||3,708||0.26||±0.00||0||±0|
|Party of the Democratic Karma (PKD)||2,000||0.14||New||0||±0|
|Workers for Democracy Coalition (TD)||1,017||0.07||New||0||±0|
|Carlist Party (EKA/PC)||530||0.04||New||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||1,431,996||78.97||+8.98|
|Source(s): Department for Security of the Basque Country, Historia Electoral|
Distribution by constituency
|Juan José Ibarretxe||PNV–EA (33)||
33 / 75
|Blank ballots||PP (19), PSE–EE (13), EB–IU (3)||
35 / 75
|Do not vote: EH (7)|
|Source: Historia Electoral|
|Juan José Ibarretxe||PNV–EA (32), EB–IU (3)||
35 / 75
|Blank ballots||PP (19), PSE–EE (13)||
32 / 75
|Do not vote: EH (7)
Absences: EA (1)
|Source: Historia Electoral|
- Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country of 1979, Organic Law No. 3 of December 18, 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
- Law on Elections to the Basque Parliament of 1990, Law No. 5 of June 15, 1990 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
- Government Law of 1981, Law No. 7 of June 30, 1981 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.