Basque parliamentary election, 2001

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Basque parliamentary election, 2001
Basque Country (autonomous community)
1998 ←
13 May 2001 → 2005

All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Registered 1,813,356 Decrease0.5%
Turnout 1,431,996 (79.0%)
Increase9.0 pp
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Juan José Ibarretxe Jaime Mayor Oreja Nicolás Redondo
Leader since 31 January 1998 26 February 2001 20 October 1997
Last election 27 seats, 36.2%[a] 18 seats, 21.1%[b] 14 seats, 17.4%
Seats won 33 19 13
Seat change Increase6 Increase1 Decrease1
Popular vote 604,222 326,933 253,195
Percentage 42.4% 22.9% 17.8%
Swing Increase6.2 pp Increase1.8 pp Increase0.4 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
Leader Arnaldo Otegi Javier Madrazo
Party EH IU
Leader since 14 February 1998 14 May 1994
Last election 14 seats, 17.7% 2 seats, 5.6%
Seats won 7 3
Seat change Decrease7 Increase1
Popular vote 143,139 78,862
Percentage 10.0% 5.5%
Swing Decrease7.7 pp Decrease0.1 pp

Lehendakari before election

Juan José Ibarretxe

Elected Lehendakari

Juan José Ibarretxe

The 2001 Basque parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 13 May 2001, to elect the 7th Basque Parliament, the regional legislature of the Spanish autonomous community of the Basque Country. At stake were all 75 seats in the Parliament, determining the Lehendakari (President of the Basque Country).

The electoral coalition Basque Nationalist Party-Basque Solidarity (EAJ-PNV/EA) won 33 seats, the People's Party (PP) came second with 19 seats, the Socialist Party of the Basque Country-Basque Country Left (PSE-EE) came in third with 13 seats. The Basque Citizens (EH) coalition obtained 7 seats.

Electoral system

The 75 members of the Basque Parliament were elected in 3 multi-member districts, corresponding to the Basque Country's three provinces, using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation system. Each district was assigned a fixed set of seats, distributed as follows: Alava (25), Biscay (25) and Gipuzkoa (25).

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. Only lists polling above 3% of valid votes in each district (which include blank ballots—for none of the above) were entitled to enter the seat distribution.[1]

Opinion polls


Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.

Seat projections

Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 38 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Basque Parliament.



Summary of the 13 May 2001 Basque Parliament election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party-Basque Solidarity (EAJ-PNV/EA)[a] 604,222 42.38 Increase6.19 33 Increase6
People's Party (PP)[b] 326,933 22.93 Increase1.84 19 Increase1
Socialist Party of the Basque Country-Basque Country Left (PSE-EE/PSOE) 253,195 17.76 Increase0.41 13 Decrease1
Basque Citizens (EH) 143,139 10.04 Decrease7.62 7 Decrease7
United Left-Greens (EB-B) 78,862 5.53 Decrease0.07 3 Increase1
Humanist Party (PH) 3,708 0.26 ±0.00 0 ±0
Democratic Karma Party (PKD) 2,000 0.14 New 0 ±0
Workers for Democracy Coalition (TD) 1,017 0.07 New 0 ±0
Freedom (Askatasuna) 663 0.05 New 0 ±0
Carlist Party (EKA-PC) 530 0.04 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 11,508 0.81 Decrease0.58
Total 1,425,777 100.00 75 ±0
Valid votes 1,425,777 99.57 Increase0.10
Invalid votes 6,219 0.43 Decrease0.10
Votes cast / turnout 1,431,996 78.97 Increase8.98
Abstentions 381,360 21.03 Decrease8.98
Registered voters 1,813,356
Source: Argos Information Portal
Vote share
Blank ballots
Parliamentary seats


  1. ^ a b Basque Nationalist Party results are compared to the Basque Nationalist Party and Basque Solidarity totals in the 1998 election.
  2. ^ a b People's Party results are compared to the People's Party and Alavese Unity totals in the 1998 election.