Basque regional election, 2001

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Basque regional election, 2001

← 1998 13 May 2001 2005 →

All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered 1,813,356 0.5%
Turnout 1,431,996 (79.0%)
9.0 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Juan José Ibarretxe Jaime Mayor Oreja Nicolás Redondo
Party PNVEA PP PSE–EE (PSOE)
Leader since 31 January 1998 26 February 2001 20 October 1997
Leader's seat Álava Biscay Biscay
Last election 27 seats, 36.2%[a] 18 seats, 21.1%[b] 14 seats, 17.4%
Seats won 33 19 13
Seat change 6 1 1
Popular vote 604,222 326,933 253,195
Percentage 42.4% 22.9% 17.8%
Swing 6.2 pp 1.8 pp 0.4 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Leader Arnaldo Otegi Javier Madrazo
Party EH EB/IU
Leader since 14 February 1998 14 May 1994
Leader's seat Guipúzcoa Biscay
Last election 14 seats, 17.7% 2 seats, 5.6%
Seats won 7 3
Seat change 7 1
Popular vote 143,139 78,862
Percentage 10.0% 5.5%
Swing 7.7 pp 0.1 pp

Constituency results map for the Basque Parliament

Lehendakari before election

Juan José Ibarretxe
PNVEA

Elected Lehendakari

Juan José Ibarretxe
PNVEA

The 2001 Basque regional election was held on Sunday, 13 May 2001, to elect the 7th Parliament of the Basque Autonomous Community. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

The electoral coalition Basque Nationalist PartyBasque Solidarity (PNV–EA) won 33 seats, the People's Party (PP) came second with 19 seats, the Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE) came in third with 13 seats. The Basque Citizens (EH) coalition obtained 7 seats.

Overview

Electoral system

The Basque Parliament was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of the Basque Country, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Basque Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a Lehendakari.[1] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Basque Country and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 75 members of the Basque Parliament were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes[c]—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[2] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the Basque provinces of Álava, Biscay and Guipúzcoa. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of 25 seats each, to provide for an equal representation of the three provinces in Parliament as required under the regional Statute of Autonomy.[1][3] This meant that Álava was allocated the same number of seats as Biscay and Gipuzkoa, despite their populations being, as of 1 January 2001: 285,198, 1,124,445 and 673,328, respectively.[4]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure at least the signature of 1 percent of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they were seeking election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[3][5][6]

Election date

The term of the Basque Parliament expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The election Decree was required to be issued no later than the twenty-fifth day prior to the date of expiry of parliament and published on the following day in the Official Gazette of the Basque Country, with election day taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication.[1][3] The previous election was held on 25 October 1998, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 25 October 2002. The election Decree was required to be published no later than 1 October 2002, with the election taking place on the fifty-fourth day from publication, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Sunday, 24 November 2002.

The Lehendakari had the prerogative to dissolve the Basque Parliament at any given time and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a Lehendakari within a sixty-day period from the Parliament re-assembly, the Parliament was to be dissolved and a fresh election called.[7]

Opinion polls

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font. 38 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Basque Parliament.

Results

Overall

Summary of the 13 May 2001 Basque Parliament election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist PartyBasque Solidarity (PNV–EA)1 604,222 42.38 +6.19 33 +6
People's Party (PP)2 326,933 22.93 +1.84 19 +1
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 253,195 17.76 +0.41 13 –1
Basque Citizens (EH) 143,139 10.04 –7.62 7 –7
United Left (EB/IU) 78,862 5.53 –0.07 3 +1
Blank ballots 11,508 0.81 –0.58
Total 1,425,777 100.00 75 ±0
Valid votes 1,425,777 99.57 +0.10
Invalid votes 6,219 0.43 –0.10
Votes cast / turnout 1,431,996 78.97 +8.98
Abstentions 381,360 21.03 –8.98
Registered voters 1,813,356
Sources[8][9]
Popular vote
PNVEA
42.38%
PP
22.93%
PSE–EE (PSOE)
17.76%
EH
10.04%
EB/IU
5.53%
Others
0.56%
Blank ballots
0.81%
Seats
PNVEA
44.00%
PP
25.33%
PSE–EE (PSOE)
17.33%
EH
9.33%
EB/IU
4.00%

Distribution by constituency

Constituency PNVEA PP PSE–EE EH EB/IU
 % S  % S  % S  % S  % S
Álava 33.6 9 32.5 9 20.4 5 6.1 1 5.9 1
Biscay 43.4 12 23.4 6 18.1 4 8.0 2 5.6 1
Guipúzcoa 44.3 12 18.0 4 16.1 4 15.1 4 5.2 1
Total 42.4 33 22.9 19 17.8 13 10.0 7 5.5 3

Aftermath

Investiture vote

First round: 11 July 2001
Absolute majority (38/75) required
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
NJuan José Ibarretxe PNVEA (33)
33 / 75
Blank ballots PP (19), PSE–EE (13), EB/IU (3)
35 / 75
Do not vote: EH (7)
Source: historiaelectoral.com
Second round: 12 July 2001
Simple majority required
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
YJuan José Ibarretxe PNVEA (32), EB/IU (3)
35 / 75
Blank ballots PP (19), PSE–EE (13)
32 / 75
Do not vote: EH (7)
Absences: EA (1)
Source: historiaelectoral.com

Notes

  1. ^ Aggregated data for PNV and EA in the 1998 election.
  2. ^ Aggregated data for PP and UA in the 1998 election.
  3. ^ A 2000 legal amendment had seen the electoral threshold being lowered from five to three percent.

Opinion poll sources

  1. ^ a b c "Elecciones al Parlamento Vasco de 13 de mayo de 2001: ¿Unas elecciones sorprendentes?". Revista de Derecho Político (in Spanish). 2001. 
  2. ^ "PP y PSE podrían quedarse a un solo escaño de la mayoría absoluta en el País Vasco". ABC (in Spanish). 6 May 2001. 
  3. ^ "Encuesta de Ipsos-Eco Consulting para ABC". ABC (in Spanish). 6 May 2001. 
  4. ^ "PP y PSOE se acercan a la mayoría absoluta pese al alza de PNV-EA". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 4 May 2001. 
  5. ^ "Portada: PP y PSE rozan la mayoría suficiente para gobernar". El País (in Spanish). 6 May 2001. 
  6. ^ "PP y PSE rozan la mayoría suficiente para gobernar". El País (in Spanish). 6 May 2001. 
  7. ^ "Preelectoral del País Vasco elecciones autonómicas, 2001 (Estudio nº 2414. Abril 2001)". CIS (in Spanish). 9 May 2001. 
  8. ^ "El PNV no hace ascos al voto de Otegi". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 10 May 2001. 
  9. ^ "PP y PSE se acercan a su objetivo". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 29 April 2001. 
  10. ^ "Los populares confían en los más de 45.000 votos por correo". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 29 April 2001. 
  11. ^ "El PNV gana, pero sólo podría gobernar con EH". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 29 April 2001. 
  12. ^ "Previsiones de voto para Elecciones Autonómicas (Abril 2001)" (PDF). Lehendakaritza (in Spanish). 28 March 2001. 
  13. ^ "Un sondeo del Gobierno vasco coloca al PP y al PSOE a dos escaños de la mayoría absoluta". El País (in Spanish). 12 April 2001. 
  14. ^ "Elecciones en el País Vasco". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 22 March 2001. 
  15. ^ "Intención de voto". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 22 March 2001. 
  16. ^ "Ficha técnica". Cadena SER (in Spanish). 22 March 2001. 
  17. ^ "El PNV y EA parten en la precampaña como ganadores, seguidos del Partido Popular". El País (in Spanish). 23 March 2001. 
  18. ^ "IU, posible llave para un Gobierno no nacionalista, según un sondeo del PSOE". ABC (in Spanish). 7 April 2001. 
  19. ^ "Aznar: 'Mayor ha renunciado a estar en el Gobierno para jugársela'". El País (in Spanish). 5 March 2001. 
  20. ^ "El frente nacionalista pierde entre tres y cinco diputados y PP-PSE ganan hasta seis". ABC (in Spanish). 25 February 2001. 
  21. ^ "Encuesta de Ipsos-Eco Consulting sobre las Elecciones Vascas". ABC (in Spanish). 25 February 2001. 
  22. ^ "Situación social y política del País Vasco, XIII (Estudio nº 2407. Enero-Febrero 2001)". CIS (in Spanish). 20 March 2001. 
  23. ^ "El CIS pronostica que el cambio de mayoría en el País Vasco es difícil pero no imposible". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 21 March 2001. 
  24. ^ "El PP se ve en condiciones de ganar las elecciones". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 18 February 2001. 
  25. ^ "Mayor, Alonso y San Gil, cabezas de candidatura del PP a las vascas". ABC Sevilla (in Spanish). 1 March 2001. 
  26. ^ "Previsiones de voto para Elecciones Autonómicas (Diciembre 2000)" (PDF). Lehendakaritza (in Spanish). 15 December 2000. 
  27. ^ "La alianza de PP y UA podría igualar al PNV en las elecciones". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 16 December 2000. 
  28. ^ "Empate técnico en intención de voto entre nacionalistas y no nacionalistas". El Mundo (in Spanish). 15 December 2000. 
  29. ^ "El Euskobarómetro augura un empate entre nacionalistas y constitucionalistas". El País (in Spanish). 16 December 2000. 
  30. ^ "El PNV volvería a ganar las elecciones, según una encuesta". El País (in Spanish). 15 November 2000. 
  31. ^ "Un sondeo pone al PP a un solo escaño del PNV y deja a los nacionalistas sin mayoría". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 29 July 2000. 
  32. ^ "Ibarretxe admite que la apuesta por el diálogo ha fracasado y se impone una nueva etapa". El País (in Spanish). 29 July 2000. 

References

  1. ^ a b c Statute of Autonomy for the Basque Country of 1979, Organic Law No. 3 of 18 December 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 July 2017.
  2. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c Basque Parliament Elections Law of 1990, Law No. 5 of 15 June 1990 Official Gazette of the Basque Country (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Principales series desde 1971. Resultados por Provincias. Población residente por fecha, sexo y edad". ine.es (in Spanish). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  5. ^ General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  7. ^ Government Law of 1981, Law No. 7 of June 30, 1981 Official Gazette of the Basque Country (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 July 2017.
  8. ^ "Election Results Archive". euskadi.eus (in Spanish). Basque Government. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  9. ^ "Basque Parliament elections since 1980". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.