Basque regional election, 2001

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Basque regional election, 2001
Basque Country (autonomous community)
← 1998 13 May 2001 2005 →

All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered 1,813,356 0.5%
Turnout 1,431,996 (79.0%)
9.0 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Juan José Ibarretxe Jaime Mayor Oreja Nicolás Redondo
Party PNVEA PP PSE–EE (PSOE)
Leader since 31 January 1998 26 February 2001 20 October 1997
Leader's seat Álava Biscay Biscay
Last election 27 seats, 36.2% 18 seats, 21.1% 14 seats, 17.4%
Seats won 33 19 13
Seat change 6 1 1
Popular vote 604,222 326,933 253,195
Percentage 42.4% 22.9% 17.8%
Swing 6.2 pp 1.8 pp 0.4 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Leader Arnaldo Otegi Javier Madrazo
Party EH EB–IU
Leader since 14 February 1998 14 May 1994
Leader's seat Gipuzkoa Biscay
Last election 14 seats, 17.7% 2 seats, 5.6%
Seats won 7 3
Seat change 7 1
Popular vote 143,139 78,862
Percentage 10.0% 5.5%
Swing 7.7 pp 0.1 pp

Constituency results map for the Basque Parliament

Lehendakari before election

Juan José Ibarretxe
PNVEA

Elected Lehendakari

Juan José Ibarretxe
PNVEA

The 2001 Basque regional election was held on Sunday, 13 May 2001, to elect the 7th Parliament of the Basque Autonomous Community. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

The electoral coalition Basque Nationalist PartyBasque Solidarity (PNV–EA) won 33 seats, the People's Party (PP) came second with 19 seats, the Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE) came in third with 13 seats. The Basque Citizens (EH) coalition obtained 7 seats.

Electoral system

The Basque Parliament was elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Under the regional Statute of Autonomy, all three Basque historical territories—the provinces—were to constitute multi-member districts, being assigned an equal number of seats each. The electoral law set this to a fixed-number of 25, for a total of 75 seats. A 2000 reform of the electoral law lowered the election threshold from 5% to 3% of valid votes—which included blank ballots—per constituency, with parties not reaching the threshold not taken into consideration for seat distribution.

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all residents over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Concurrently, residents meeting the previous criteria and not involved in any cause of ineligibility were eligible for the Parliament. Groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered electors in a particular district in order to be able to field candidates.

The Lehendakari had the ability to dissolve the chamber at any given time and call a snap election; otherwise, elected deputies served for four year terms, starting from election day. Additionally, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved in the event that no Lehendakari was elected within a 60 day-period from the chamber's first convening, triggering a snap election likewise.[1][2][3]

Opinion polls

Vote

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.

Seat projections

Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 38 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Basque Parliament.

Results

Overall

Summary of the 13 May 2001 Basque Parliament election results
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist PartyBasque Solidarity (PNV–EA)1 604,222 42.38 +6.19 33 +6
People's Party (PP)2 326,933 22.93 +1.84 19 +1
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 253,195 17.76 +0.41 13 –1
Basque Citizens (EH) 143,139 10.04 –7.62 7 –7
United Left (EB–IU) 78,862 5.53 –0.07 3 +1
Blank ballots 11,508 0.81 –0.58
Total 1,425,777 100.00 75 ±0
Valid votes 1,425,777 99.57 +0.10
Invalid votes 6,219 0.43 –0.10
Votes cast / turnout 1,431,996 78.97 +8.98
Abstentions 381,360 21.03 –8.98
Registered voters 1,813,356
Source(s): Department for Security of the Basque Country, historiaelectoral.com
Popular vote
PNVEA
  
42.38%
PP
  
22.93%
PSE–EE (PSOE)
  
17.76%
EH
  
10.04%
EB–IU
  
5.53%
Others
  
0.56%
Blank ballots
  
0.81%
Seats
PNVEA
  
44.00%
PP
  
25.33%
PSE–EE (PSOE)
  
17.33%
EH
  
9.33%
EB–IU
  
4.00%

Distribution by constituency

Constituency PNVEA PP PSE–EE EH EB–IU
 % S  % S  % S  % S  % S
Álava 33.6 9 32.5 9 20.4 5 6.1 1 5.9 1
Biscay 43.4 12 23.4 6 18.1 4 8.0 2 5.6 1
Gipuzkoa 44.3 12 18.0 4 16.1 4 15.1 4 5.2 1
Total 42.4 33 22.9 19 17.8 13 10.0 7 5.5 3

Aftermath

Investiture vote

First round: 11 July 2001
Absolute majority (38/75) required
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
NJuan José Ibarretxe PNVEA (33)
33 / 75
Blank ballots PP (19), PSE–EE (13), EB–IU (3)
35 / 75
Do not vote: EH (7)
Source: historiaelectoral.com
Second round: 12 July 2001
Simple majority required
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
YesYJuan José Ibarretxe PNVEA (32), EB–IU (3)
35 / 75
Blank ballots PP (19), PSE–EE (13)
32 / 75
Do not vote: EH (7)
Absences: EA (1)
Source: historiaelectoral.com

References

  1. ^ Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country of 1979, Organic Law No. 3 of December 18, 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  2. ^ Law on Elections to the Basque Parliament of 1990, Law No. 5 of June 15, 1990 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  3. ^ Government Law of 1981, Law No. 7 of June 30, 1981 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.