Basque parliamentary election, 1986

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Basque parliamentary election, 1986
Basque Country (autonomous community)
1984 ←
30 November 1986 → 1990

All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Registered 1,660,143 Increase4.8%
Turnout 1,155,815 (69.6%)
Increase1.1 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader José Antonio Ardanza Txiki Benegas Iñaki Esnaola
Party EAJ-PNV PSE HB
Leader since 2 March 1985 1977 1986
Last election 32 seats, 41.8% 19 seats, 23.0% 11 seats, 14.6%
Seats won 17 19 13
Seat change Decrease15 ±0 Increase2
Popular vote 271,208 252,233 199,900
Percentage 23.6% 22.0% 17.4%
Swing Decrease18.2 pp Decrease1.0 pp Increase2.8 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Carlos Garaikoetxea Juan María Bandrés Julen Guimón
Party EA EE AP
Leader since 4 September 1986 1985 1986
Last election Did not stand 6 seats, 7.9% 7 seats, 9.3%[a]
Seats won 13 9 2
Seat change Increase13 Increase3 Decrease5
Popular vote 181,175 124,423 55,606
Percentage 15.8% 10.8% 4.8%
Swing New party Increase2.9 pp Decrease4.5 pp

Lehendakari before election

José Antonio Ardanza
EAJ-PNV

Elected Lehendakari

José Antonio Ardanza
EAJ-PNV

The 1986 Basque parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 30 November 1986, to elect the 3rd Basque Parliament, the regional legislature of the Spanish autonomous community of the Basque Country. At stake were all 75 seats in the Parliament, determining the Lehendakari (President of the Basque Country).

The Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE-PSOE) won 19 seats, the Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) came second with 17 seats, People's Unity (HB) and Basque Solidarity (EA), a PNV split, each won 13 seats, and Basque Country Left won 9 seats.

Electoral system

The 75 members of the Basque Parliament were elected in 3 multi-member districts, corresponding to the Basque Country's three provinces, using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation system. Each district was assigned a fixed set of seats, distributed as follows: Alava (25), Biscay (25) and Gipuzkoa (25).

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. Only lists polling above 5% of valid votes in each district (which include blank ballots—for none of the above) were entitled to enter the seat distribution.[1]

Results

Overall

Summary of the 30 November 1986 Basque Parliament election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 271,208 23.60 Decrease18.21 17 Decrease15
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE-PSOE) 252,233 21.95 Decrease1.01 19 ±0
People's Unity (HB) 199,900 17.40 Increase2.81 13 Increase2
Basque Solidarity (EA) 181,175 15.77 New 13 Increase13
Basque Country Left (EE) 124,423 10.83 Increase2.89 9 Increase3
People's Alliance-Liberal Party (AP-PL)[a] 55,606 4.84 Decrease4.48 2 Decrease5
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 40,445 3.52 New 2 Increase2
United Left (EB-IU) 6,750 0.59 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Basque Country (PCE-EPK) 5,675 0.49 Decrease0.90 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 2,925 0.25 Increase0.05 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 1,400 0.12 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 1,190 0.10 New 0 ±0
Republican People's Unity (UPR) 1,102 0.10 ±0.00 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,003 0.44 Decrease0.03
Total 1,149,035 100.00 75 ±0
Valid votes 1,149,035 99.41 Decrease0.01
Invalid votes 6,780 0.59 Increase0.01
Votes cast / turnout 1,155,815 69.62 Increase1.13
Abstentions 504,328 30.38 Decrease1.13
Registered voters 1,660,143
Source: Argos Information Portal
Vote share
EAJ-PNV
  
23.60%
PSE-PSOE
  
21.95%
HB
  
17.40%
EA
  
15.77%
EE
  
10.83%
AP-PL
  
4.84%
CDS
  
3.52%
Others
  
1.66%
Blank ballots
  
0.44%
Parliamentary seats
PSE-PSOE
  
25.33%
EAJ-PNV
  
22.67%
HB
  
17.33%
EA
  
17.33%
EE
  
12.00%
AP-PL
  
2.67%
CDS
  
2.67%

Notes

  1. ^ a b People's Alliance-Liberal Party results are compared to the People's Coalition totals in the 1984 election.

References