Basque regional election, 1986

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Basque regional election, 1986
Basque Country (autonomous community)
← 1984 30 November 1986 1990 →

All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Registered 1,660,143 4.8%
Turnout 1,155,815 (69.6%)
1.1 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Txiki Benegas José Antonio Ardanza Juan Carlos Yoldi
Party PSE–PSOE EAJ/PNV HB
Leader since 1977 2 March 1985 1986
Leader's seat Biscay Gipuzkoa Gipuzkoa
Last election 19 seats, 23.0% 32 seats, 41.8% 11 seats, 14.6%
Seats won 19 17 13
Seat change 0 15 2
Popular vote 252,233 271,208 199,900
Percentage 22.0% 23.6% 17.4%
Swing 1.0 pp 18.2 pp 2.8 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Carlos Garaikoetxea Juan María Bandrés Julen Guimón
Party EA EE AP
Leader since 4 September 1986 1985 1986
Leader's seat Gipuzkoa Gipuzkoa Biscay
Last election Did not contest 6 seats, 7.9% 7 seats, 9.3%
Seats won 13 9 2
Seat change 13 3 5
Popular vote 181,175 124,423 55,606
Percentage 15.8% 10.8% 4.8%
Swing New party 2.9 pp 4.5 pp

Constituency results map for the Basque Parliament

Lehendakari before election

José Antonio Ardanza
EAJ/PNV

Elected Lehendakari

José Antonio Ardanza
EAJ/PNV

The 1986 Basque regional election was held on Sunday, 30 November 1986, to elect the 3rd Parliament of the Basque Autonomous Community. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

The Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) won 19 seats, the Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) came second with 17 seats, People's Unity (HB) and Basque Solidarity (EA), a PNV split, each won 13 seats, and Basque Country Left won 9 seats.

Electoral system

The Basque Parliament was elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Under the regional Statute of Autonomy, all three Basque historical territories—the provinces—were to constitute multi-member districts, being assigned an equal number of seats each. The electoral law set this to a fixed-number of 25, for a total of 75 seats. A threshold of 5% of valid votes—which, unlike other electoral legislation in Spain, did not include blank ballots—was applied in each constituency, with parties not reaching the threshold not taken into consideration for seat distribution.

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all residents over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Concurrently, residents meeting the previous criteria and not involved in any cause of ineligibility were eligible for the Parliament. Groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 500 registered electors in a particular district in order to be able to field candidates.

The Lehendakari had the ability to dissolve the chamber at any given time and call a snap election; otherwise, elected deputies served for four year terms, starting from election day. Additionally, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved in the event that no Lehendakari was elected within a 60 day-period from the chamber's first convening, triggering a snap election likewise.[1][2][3]

Results

Overall

Summary of the 30 November 1986 Basque Parliament election results
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 271,208 23.60 –18.21 17 –15
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 252,233 21.95 –1.01 19 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 199,900 17.40 +2.81 13 +2
Basque Solidarity (EA) 181,175 15.77 New 13 +13
Basque Country Left (EE) 124,423 10.83 +2.89 9 +3
People's AllianceLiberal Party (AP–PL)1 55,606 4.84 –4.48 2 –5
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 40,445 3.52 New 2 +2
Blank ballots3 5,003 0.44 –0.03
Total 1,149,035 100.00 75 ±0
Valid votes 1,149,035 99.41 –0.01
Invalid votes 6,780 0.59 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 1,155,815 69.62 +1.13
Abstentions 504,328 30.38 –1.13
Registered voters 1,660,143
Source(s): Department for Security of the Basque Country, historiaelectoral.com
Popular vote
EAJ/PNV
  
23.60%
PSE–PSOE
  
21.95%
HB
  
17.40%
EA
  
15.77%
EE
  
10.83%
APPL
  
4.84%
CDS
  
3.52%
Others
  
1.66%
Blank ballots
  
0.44%
Seats
PSE–PSOE
  
25.33%
EAJ/PNV
  
22.67%
HB
  
17.33%
EA
  
17.33%
EE
  
12.00%
APPL
  
2.67%
CDS
  
2.67%

Distribution by constituency

Constituency PNV PSE HB EA EE APPL CDS
 % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S
Álava 20.1 5 24.9 7 12.8 3 14.5 4 10.9 3 6.9 1 8.0 2
Biscay 28.8 8 22.5 6 16.0 4 11.7 3 10.2 3 5.1 1 3.2
Gipuzkoa 16.0 4 19.9 6 21.6 6 23.1 6 11.9 3 3.6 2.4
Total 23.6 17 22.0 19 17.4 13 15.8 13 10.8 9 4.8 2 3.5 2

Aftermath

Investiture vote

First round: 27 February 1987
Absolute majority (38/75) required
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
YesYJosé Antonio Ardanza PSE (19), PNV (17), CDS (2)
38 / 75
NJuan Carlos Yoldi
0 / 75
Blank ballots EA (13), EE (9), APPL (2)
24 / 75
Absences: HB (13)
Source: historiaelectoral.com

References

  1. ^ Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country of 1979, Organic Law No. 3 of December 18, 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  2. ^ Law on Elections to the Basque Parliament of 1983, Law No. 28 of November 25, 1983 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  3. ^ Government Law of 1981, Law No. 7 of June 30, 1981 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.