Basque regional election, 1986

(Redirected from Basque parliamentary election, 1986)
Jump to: navigation, search
Basque regional election, 1986

← 1984 30 November 1986 1990 →

All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Registered 1,660,143 4.8%
Turnout 1,155,815 (69.6%)
1.1 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Txiki Benegas José Antonio Ardanza Juan Carlos Yoldi
Party PSE–PSOE EAJ/PNV HB
Leader since 1977 2 March 1985 1986
Leader's seat Biscay Guipúzcoa Guipúzcoa
Last election 19 seats, 23.0% 32 seats, 41.8% 11 seats, 14.6%
Seats won 19 17 13
Seat change 0 15 2
Popular vote 252,233 271,208 199,900
Percentage 22.0% 23.6% 17.4%
Swing 1.0 pp 18.2 pp 2.8 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Carlos Garaikoetxea Juan María Bandrés Julen Guimón
Party EA EE AP
Leader since 4 September 1986 1985 1986
Leader's seat Guipúzcoa Guipúzcoa Biscay
Last election Did not contest 6 seats, 7.9% 7 seats, 9.3%
Seats won 13 9 2
Seat change 13 3 5
Popular vote 181,175 124,423 55,606
Percentage 15.8% 10.8% 4.8%
Swing New party 2.9 pp 4.5 pp

Constituency results map for the Basque Parliament

Lehendakari before election

José Antonio Ardanza
EAJ/PNV

Elected Lehendakari

José Antonio Ardanza
EAJ/PNV

The 1986 Basque regional election was held on Sunday, 30 November 1986, to elect the 3rd Parliament of the Basque Autonomous Community. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

The Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) won 19 seats, the Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) came second with 17 seats, People's Unity (HB) and Basque Solidarity (EA), a PNV split, each won 13 seats, and Basque Country Left won 9 seats.

Overview

Electoral system

The Basque Parliament was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of the Basque Country, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Basque Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to grant or revoke confidence from a Lehendakari.[1] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Basque Country and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote.

The 75 members of the Basque Parliament were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 per 100 of valid votes—which, unlike other electoral legislation in Spain, did not include blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the Basque provinces of Álava, Biscay and Guipúzcoa. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of 25 seats each, to provide for an equal representation of the three provinces in Parliament as required under the regional Statute of Autonomy.[1][2] This meant that Álava was allocated the same number of seats as Biscay and Gipuzkoa, despite their populations being, as of 1 July 1986: 268,532, 1,181,962 and 690,582, respectively.[3]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure at least the signature of 500 electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they were seeking election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[2][4][5]

Election date

The term of the Basque Parliament expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. An election was required to take place within from thirty-six and forty-five days from the date of expiry of parliament.[1][2] The previous election was held on 26 February 1984, which meant that the legislature's term would expire on 26 February 1988. The election was required to be held no later than the forty-fifth day from dissolution, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Monday, 11 April 1988.

The Lehendakari had the prerogative to dissolve the Basque Parliament at any given time and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a Lehendakari within a sixty-day period from the Parliament re-assembly, the Parliament was to be dissolved and a fresh election called.[6]

Results

Overall

Summary of the 30 November 1986 Basque Parliament election results
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 271,208 23.60 –18.21 17 –15
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 252,233 21.95 –1.01 19 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 199,900 17.40 +2.81 13 +2
Basque Solidarity (EA) 181,175 15.77 New 13 +13
Basque Country Left (EE) 124,423 10.83 +2.89 9 +3
People's AllianceLiberal Party (AP–PL)1 55,606 4.84 –4.48 2 –5
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 40,445 3.52 New 2 +2
Blank ballots3 5,003 0.44 –0.03
Total 1,149,035 100.00 75 ±0
Valid votes 1,149,035 99.41 –0.01
Invalid votes 6,780 0.59 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 1,155,815 69.62 +1.13
Abstentions 504,328 30.38 –1.13
Registered voters 1,660,143
Source(s): Basque Government, historiaelectoral.com
Popular vote
EAJ/PNV
  
23.60%
PSE–PSOE
  
21.95%
HB
  
17.40%
EA
  
15.77%
EE
  
10.83%
APPL
  
4.84%
CDS
  
3.52%
Others
  
1.66%
Blank ballots
  
0.44%
Seats
PSE–PSOE
  
25.33%
EAJ/PNV
  
22.67%
HB
  
17.33%
EA
  
17.33%
EE
  
12.00%
APPL
  
2.67%
CDS
  
2.67%

Distribution by constituency

Constituency PNV PSE HB EA EE APPL CDS
 % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S
Álava 20.1 5 24.9 7 12.8 3 14.5 4 10.9 3 6.9 1 8.0 2
Biscay 28.8 8 22.5 6 16.0 4 11.7 3 10.2 3 5.1 1 3.2
Guipúzcoa 16.0 4 19.9 6 21.6 6 23.1 6 11.9 3 3.6 2.4
Total 23.6 17 22.0 19 17.4 13 15.8 13 10.8 9 4.8 2 3.5 2

Aftermath

Investiture vote

First round: 27 February 1987
Absolute majority (38/75) required
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
YJosé Antonio Ardanza PSE (19), PNV (17), CDS (2)
38 / 75
NJuan Carlos Yoldi
0 / 75
Blank ballots EA (13), EE (9), APPL (2)
24 / 75
Absences: HB (13)
Source: historiaelectoral.com

References

  1. ^ a b c Statute of Autonomy for the Basque Country of 1979, Organic Law No. 3 of December 18, 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Basque Parliament Elections Law of 1983, Law No. 28 of November 25, 1983 Official Gazette of the Basque Country (in Spanish). Retrieved on 8 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Principales series desde 1971. Resultados por Provincias. Población residente por fecha, sexo y edad". ine.es (in Spanish). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  4. ^ General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  6. ^ Government Law of 1981, Law No. 7 of June 30, 1981 Official Gazette of the Basque Country (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 July 2017.