Basque parliamentary election, 1986

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Basque parliamentary election, 1986
Basque Country (autonomous community)
1984 ←
30 November 1986 → 1990

All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Registered 1,660,143 4.8%
Turnout 1,155,815 (69.6%)
1.1 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Txiki Benegas José Antonio Ardanza Juan Carlos Yoldi
Party PSE–PSOE EAJ/PNV HB
Leader since 1977 2 March 1985 1986
Leader's seat Biscay Gipuzkoa Gipuzkoa
Last election 19 seats, 23.0% 32 seats, 41.8% 11 seats, 14.6%
Seats won 19 17 13
Seat change ±0 15 2
Popular vote 252,233 271,208 199,900
Percentage 22.0% 23.6% 17.4%
Swing 1.0 pp 18.2 pp 2.8 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Carlos Garaikoetxea Juan María Bandrés Julen Guimón
Party EA EE AP
Leader since 4 September 1986 1985 1986
Leader's seat Gipuzkoa Gipuzkoa Biscay
Last election Did not contest 6 seats, 7.9% 7 seats, 9.3%
Seats won 13 9 2
Seat change 13 3 5
Popular vote 181,175 124,423 55,606
Percentage 15.8% 10.8% 4.8%
Swing New party 2.9 pp 4.5 pp

Provincial results map for the Basque Parliament

Lehendakari before election

José Antonio Ardanza
EAJ/PNV

Elected Lehendakari

José Antonio Ardanza
EAJ/PNV

The 1986 Basque parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 30 November 1986, to elect the 3rd Basque Parliament, the regional legislature of the Spanish autonomous community of the Basque Country. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

The Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) won 19 seats, the Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) came second with 17 seats, People's Unity (HB) and Basque Solidarity (EA), a PNV split, each won 13 seats, and Basque Country Left won 9 seats.

Electoral system

The 75 members of the Basque Parliament were elected in 3 multi-member districts, corresponding to the Basque Country's three provinces, using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation system. Each district was assigned a fixed set of seats, distributed as follows: Alava (25), Biscay (25) and Gipuzkoa (25).

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. Only lists polling above 5% of valid votes in each district (which include blank ballots—for none of the above) were entitled to enter the seat distribution.[1]

Results

Overall

Summary of the 30 November 1986 Basque Parliament election results
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 271,208 23.60 –18.21 17 –15
Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) 252,233 21.95 –1.01 19 ±0
Popular Unity (HB) 199,900 17.40 +2.81 13 +2
Basque Solidarity (EA) 181,175 15.77 New 13 +13
Basque Country Left (EE) 124,423 10.83 +2.89 9 +3
People's AllianceLiberal Party (AP–PL)1 55,606 4.84 –4.48 2 –5
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 40,445 3.52 New 2 +2
Blank ballots 5,003 0.44 –0.03
Total 1,149,035 100.00 75 ±0
Valid votes 1,149,035 99.41 –0.01
Invalid votes 6,780 0.59 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 1,155,815 69.62 +1.13
Abstentions 504,328 30.38 –1.13
Registered voters 1,660,143
Source(s): Department for Security of the Basque Country, Argos Information Portal
Popular vote
EAJ/PNV
  
23.60%
PSE–PSOE
  
21.95%
HB
  
17.40%
EA
  
15.77%
EE
  
10.83%
APPL
  
4.84%
CDS
  
3.52%
Others
  
1.66%
Blank ballots
  
0.44%
Seats
PSE–PSOE
  
25.33%
EAJ/PNV
  
22.67%
HB
  
17.33%
EA
  
17.33%
EE
  
12.00%
APPL
  
2.67%
CDS
  
2.67%

Results by district

District PNV PSE HB EA EE APPL CDS
 % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S
Álava 20.1 5 24.9 7 12.8 3 14.5 4 10.9 3 6.9 1 8.0 2
Biscay 28.8 8 22.5 6 16.0 4 11.7 3 10.2 3 5.1 1 3.2
Gipuzkoa 16.0 4 19.9 6 21.6 6 23.1 6 11.9 3 3.6 2.4
Total 23.6 17 22.0 19 17.4 13 15.8 13 10.8 9 4.8 2 3.5 2

Aftermath

Investiture vote

First round: 27 February 1987
Absolute majority (38/75) required
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
YesYJosé Antonio Ardanza PSE (19), PNV (17), CDS (2)
38 / 75
NJuan Carlos Yoldi
0 / 75
Blank ballots EA (13), EE (9), APPL (2)
24 / 75
Absences: HB (13)
Source: Historia Electoral

References