Basque parliamentary election, 1986
All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Basque Parliament
The 1986 Basque parliamentary election was held on Sunday, 30 November 1986, to elect the 3rd Basque Parliament, the regional legislature of the Spanish autonomous community of the Basque Country. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election.
The Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE) won 19 seats, the Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) came second with 17 seats, People's Unity (HB) and Basque Solidarity (EA), a PNV split, each won 13 seats, and Basque Country Left won 9 seats.
The Basque Parliament was elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Under the regional Statute of Autonomy, all three Basque historical territories—the provinces—were to constitute multi-member districts, being assigned an equal number of seats each. The electoral law set this to a fixed-number of 25, for a total of 75 seats. A threshold of 5% of valid votes—which, unlike other electoral legislation in Spain, did not include blank ballots—was applied in each constituency, with parties not reaching the threshold not taken into consideration for seat distribution.
Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all residents over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Concurrently, residents meeting the previous criteria and not involved in any cause of ineligibility were eligible for the Parliament. Groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 500 registered electors in a particular district in order to be able to field candidates.
The Lehendakari had the ability to dissolve the chamber at any given time and call a snap election; otherwise, elected deputies served for four year terms, starting from election day. Additionally, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved in the event that no Lehendakari was elected within a 60 day-period from the chamber's first convening, triggering a snap election likewise.
|Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)||271,208||23.60||–18.21||17||–15|
|Socialist Party of the Basque Country (PSE–PSOE)||252,233||21.95||–1.01||19||±0|
|Popular Unity (HB)||199,900||17.40||+2.81||13||+2|
|Basque Solidarity (EA)||181,175||15.77||New||13||+13|
|Basque Country Left (EE)||124,423||10.83||+2.89||9||+3|
|People's Alliance–Liberal Party (AP–PL)1||55,606||4.84||–4.48||2||–5|
|Democratic and Social Centre (CDS)||40,445||3.52||New||2||+2|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||19,042||1.66||—||0||±0|
|United Left (EB–IU)||6,750||0.59||New||0||±0|
|Communist Party of the Basque Country (PCE/EPK)||5,675||0.49||–0.90||0||±0|
|Workers' Socialist Party (PST)||2,925||0.25||+0.05||0||±0|
|Humanist Party (PH)||1,400||0.12||New||0||±0|
|Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI)||1,190||0.10||New||0||±0|
|Republican People's Unity (UPR)2||1,102||0.10||±0.00||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||1,155,815||69.62||+1.13|
|Source(s): Department for Security of the Basque Country, Historia Electoral|
Distribution by constituency
|José Antonio Ardanza||PSE (19), PNV (17), CDS (2)||
38 / 75
|Juan Carlos Yoldi||
0 / 75
|Blank ballots||EA (13), EE (9), AP–PL (2)||
24 / 75
|Absences: HB (13)|
|Source: Historia Electoral|
- Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country of 1979, Organic Law No. 3 of December 18, 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
- Law on Elections to the Basque Parliament of 1983, Law No. 28 of November 25, 1983 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
- Government Law of 1981, Law No. 7 of June 30, 1981 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.