Artisanal fishing

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Stilts fishermen, Sri Lanka

Artisanal fishing (or traditional/subsistence fishing) are various small-scale, low-technology, low-capital, fishing practices undertaken by individual fishing households (as opposed to commercial companies).[1] Many of these households are of coastal or island ethnic groups. These households make short (rarely overnight) fishing trips close to the shore. Their produce is usually not processed and is mainly for local consumption. Artisan fishing uses traditional fishing techniques such as rod and tackle, fishing arrows and harpoons, cast nets, and small (if any) traditional fishing boats.

Artisan fishing may be undertaken for both commercial and subsistence reasons. It contrasts with large-scale modern commercial fishing practices in that it is often less wasteful and less stressful on fish populations than modern industrial fishing.

Artisan fishing boats and gears

Nigeria

A traditional dug out canoe between 3-18 meters long is used in Nigeria for artisanal fishing. Artisanal fishers in this area use gear that included, "cast nets, handlines, basket traps, longlines, set gillnets and beach and purse seines."[2]

Sudan

Blue Nile State

In the Blue Nile state in Sudan, the most common vessels used for artisanal fishing are the Sharoaq and Feluka whereas fixed nets are the most used gear. Other gear used in this state are the drift net and the seine net. [3]

Sennar State

In the Sennar State, the Sharoaq is the vessel most used for artisanal fishing. The gear they use in this area is mainly consists of fixed net, long line, and cast net gear.[4]

White Nile State

The most used vessel in the White Nile state is the Sharoaq. Fixed nets are the most common gear used in the state, but other gear used includes long-lines and drift nets. [5]

River Nile State

In the River Nile State, the most common vessel is the murkab al hadeed. The most common gear in this area are long-lines, fixed nets and cast nets.[6]

Northern State

The most common vessel in this state is the murkab al hadeed. The gear most used in this area are long-lines, fixed nets and drift nets[7]

Artisan techniques


Artisanal Fishing Importance

Hundreds of millions of people around the world rely on artisanal fisheries to live. Artisanal fishing is critically important for not only food, but for jobs, income, nutrition, food security, sustainable livelihoods, and poverty alleviation as well.[8][9] Artisanal fisheries are the predominant form of fisheries in "tropical developing countries" such as Nigeria. [10]

See more

Notes

  1. ^ Garcia, S.M. (2009). "Glossary". In Cochrane, K.; Garcia, S.M. A fishery managers handbook. FAO and Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 473–505. 
  2. ^ Inoni, O.E; Oyaide, W.J (2007). "SOCIO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ARTISANAL FISHING IN THE SOUTH AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONE OF DELTA STATE, NIGERIA". AGRICULTURA TROPICA ET SUBTROPICA. 40 (4). 
  3. ^ Anton, Paula; Curtis, Lori (2017). "Livelihoods of small-scale fishers along the Nile River in Sudan" (PDF). FAO. FAO. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  4. ^ Anton, Paula; Curtis, Lori (2017). "Livelihoods of small-scale fishers along the Nile River in Sudan" (PDF). FAO. FAO. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  5. ^ Anton, Paula; Curtis, Lori (2017). "Livelihoods of small-scale fishers along the Nile River in Sudan" (PDF). FAO. FAO. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  6. ^ Anton, Paula; Curtis, Lori (2017). "Livelihoods of small-scale fishers along the Nile River in Sudan" (PDF). FAO. FAO. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  7. ^ Anton, Paula; Curtis, Lori (2017). "Livelihoods of small-scale fishers along the Nile River in Sudan" (PDF). FAO. FAO. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  8. ^ Whitty, T. "Artisanal Fisheries Impacts". Ocean Scientists for Informed Policy. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  9. ^ "Small-scale Fisheries". FI Institutional Websites. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  10. ^ Inoni, O.E; Oyaide, W.J (2007). "SOCIO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ARTISANAL FISHING IN THE SOUTH AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONE OF DELTA STATE, NIGERIA". AGRICULTURA TROPICA ET SUBTROPICA. 40 (4). 

References

External links